Dehydration: identify and neutralize
Summer heat is a severe test for the body, which often leads to dehydration. And this is fraught with more serious ailments. How to recognize it in the early stages? What to do at the first symptoms? What should be the nutrition in case of dehydration? Let’s figure it out together.
Who is to blame
The most common cause of dehydration in the summer is food poisoning with the inevitable vomiting and diarrhea. Strenuous exercise also causes copious fluid loss. The same result is caused by overheating in the sun, violation of the drinking regime and frequent urination.
The first symptoms of dehydration are dry mouth, sticky saliva, high fever, and nausea. They are accompanied by fatigue, drowsiness, poor appetite and unquenchable thirst. What is the danger of dehydration? First of all, a metabolic disorder. After all, water delivers vital elements to all organs. And with its lack, failures in the work of all systems begin, toxins are worse removed, cells are destroyed and the immune system weakens.
The risk of dehydration is especially high for children and the elderly, as well as for diabetes, kidney and heart diseases. In the early stages, it is easiest to restore the water balance. To do this, you need to drink at least 2 liters of regular or mineral water without gas per day.
What should I drink when dehydration of the body, when it has taken a serious character? Special salt solutions that are available in any pharmacy. However, they can be made at home. Dilute in a liter of boiled water ½ tsp. soda, 1 tsp. salt and 2-4 tbsp.sugar. For another popular recipe, take 250 ml of orange juice, stir in it ½ tsp of salt, 1 tsp of soda and bring the volume to 1 liter with water. Take these drugs for 200 ml in small sips 3 times a day.
It is important to know not only what to drink when dehydrated, but also what to eat. And here, summer vegetables are ahead of everyone’s products. For example, zucchini is 85 % water, and its flesh is rich in vitamins A, C, K, as well as potassium, magnesium, zinc and folic acid. This striking combination adjusts the metabolism, nourishes the heart and normalizes sugar levels.
The cucumber contains even more priceless moisture. But its main advantage is the abundance of fiber and special enzymes that stimulate digestion. In addition, cucumber protects the skin from the effects of ultraviolet light. That’s why it makes the most useful summer salads and beauty masks. When dehydrated, it is also useful to lean on spinach, celery, radishes, cabbage and tomatoes.
Given that the cause of dehydration is a lack of fluids and vitamins, you can make up for their loss with the help of fruits and berries. In this regard, the most useful watermelon, more than 90% consisting of water. In addition, it is rich in antioxidants that protect cells from destruction.
Any citrus fruits are an invaluable gift for the body when there is a lack of moisture. Their juicy flesh gushes with vitamins A, C and E, which are essential for good health. To get them in full, it’s best to make a smoothie. Whisk in a blender 150 g of pitted apricots, 200 ml of yogurt, 250 ml of orange juice and 1 tsp of vanilla sugar. And even with dehydration, it is recommended to include apples, plums, kiwis and any berries in the diet.
Fermented milk therapy
Fermented milk products will help to heal in the shortest possible time and avoid dehydration of the body at all. The undisputed champion in this field is medium — fat kefir. It quickly restores the disturbed intestinal microflora and tones up the rest of the digestive organs. Kefir has been proven to fight fatigue, nausea, muscle cramps and excessive sweating.
Greek yogurt is not inferior to it in its useful properties. Fermented milk bacteria are a powerful fuel for a failed digestive system and a weakened immune system. A balanced combination of proteins and carbohydrates not only saturates the body with energy, but also normalizes metabolic processes. To strengthen their effect, ripe strawberries, raspberries and gooseberries will help.
With the world on the thread
There are several other foods that are useful for preventing dehydration. First of all, this is a bean with its very successful set of elements. Iron improves the flow of oxygen to the cells, zinc regulates the exchange of carbohydrates, sulfur prevents intestinal infections.
Being a generous source of slow carbs, buckwheat does a great job of keeping your energy down. Its active substances spur hematopoiesis and increase the elasticity of blood vessels. In addition, the body absorbs buckwheat easily, thereby obtaining a huge supply of vitamins.
There are reasons to include eggs in the medical menu, which improve the functioning of the liver and bile ducts. The abundance of iron in conjunction with vitamin E helps to quickly restore strength. In addition, eggs protect the skin from UV rays, keeping it young.
Remember, the best treatment for dehydration is prevention. Drink more fluids, eat right, and be less exposed to the scorching sun without protection. And if the alarming symptoms can not be overcome, immediately contact your doctor.