Easily available throughout the Russian latitudes all year round and inexpensive, sunflower seeds are an excellent source of essential fatty acids, vitamins and minerals. The homeland of the sunflower is considered to be Central America, from where it was taken out by European travelers. Today, the plant is grown mainly in Russia, China, the USA and Argentina. Cardiovascular health The seeds contain two nutrients that are very important for the health of the heart and blood vessels – vitamin E and folic acid. 14 art. sunflower seeds contain more than 60% of the daily value of vitamin E. This vitamin helps neutralize free radicals and protect the brain and cell membranes from damage. In addition, folic acid metabolizes homocysteine, an indicator of cardiovascular problems, into methionine, which is an essential amino acid. Source of magnesium Magnesium deficiency leads to various conditions that affect the functioning of the cardiovascular, nervous and immune systems. The muscles and skeleton also need magnesium to function properly. A quarter cup contains over 25% of the recommended daily allowance for magnesium. Selenium is a powerful antioxidant for thyroid health Studies have shown that selenium helps reduce redness and swelling. Not so long ago, a significant role of selenium in the metabolism of thyroid hormones was revealed. It has also been noted that selenium is able to stimulate DNA repair in damaged cells. Sunflower seeds contain polyphenolic compounds such as chlorogenic acid, quinic acid and caffeic acid. These compounds are natural antioxidants that help remove harmful oxidizing molecules from the body. Chlorogenic acid helps lower blood sugar levels by limiting the breakdown of glycogen in the liver.