This is a liquid produced by the mammary glands of humans and mammals. It contains a large number of nutrients necessary for the growth and development of the organism. Milk contains fats, proteins, vitamins and minerals. The milk color can range from white to yellow and blue. It depends on its fat content. Due to the content of lactose, it has a light sweet flavor. Milk includes more than 100 useful components in its compositions, including 20 balanced fatty and amino acids, lactose, and minerals.
Milk is one of the first foods, which began to extract the old settlements of humans after the domestication of animals. Depending on traditions and historical preferences, as the food people consumed, the milk of goats, cows, camels, donkeys, Buffalo, sheep, zebras, females reindeer, yaks and even pigs.
- Cow’s milk is most common in Europe, the USA, and Australia. Protein in milk is very well absorbed, and nutritionally a liter of cow’s milk is similar to 500 g of meat. It also contains a daily dose of calcium. Manifestations of intolerance to cow’s milk doctors recommend replacing with a goat.
- Goat’s milk is most common around the globe. About the benefits and nutritional properties of milk, wrote the ancient Greek philosophers. People produce yogurt, butter, cheese, yogurt, ice cream and add in the chocolate. Compared to cow milk goat milk has a peculiar odor and taste, which is because of the sebaceous glands. The main feature of goat milk is the equal distribution of cream throughout.
- Milk of horses spread among the peoples of the East. It is made from Mare’s milk, known for many beneficial properties. The fat content of milk is significantly inferior to cow’s and has a blue tint. The composition of Mare’s milk is very similar to human milk, so it is good to manufacture some infant formulas for artificial feeding.
- Buffalo milk is good for making fermented milk products, particularly mozzarella cheese, Italy, Indonesia, India, Egypt, Azerbaijan, Dagestan, Armenia and Kuban. This kind of milk contains almost no coseine, but it has more in comparison with a cow, the amount of protein, fat, minerals and vitamins.
- Camel milk recently became quite popular in Europe. In Switzerland, they use it to prepare delicacies made of chocolate. In the East, such milk is popular for cooking traditional dishes – shubat. Camel milk contains vitamins C and D, which is three times more than cow’s milk.
- Sheep’s milk is common in Greece and Italy and among the peoples of the East. Milk contains vitamins B1, B2 and A, which are larger than a cow 2-3 times. Out of It, they make kefir, yogurt, cheese, and butter.
- The donkey milk is one of the healthiest in the world. Its beneficial properties known since the days of the Roman Empire. To save the youth, this milk is best for washing and ablutions. Such milk is quite rare and expensive, as the donkey gives milk no more than two liters per day.
- Milk of reindeer is popular among the people of the North. Compared to cow’s milk, it contains more protein (3 times) and fat (5 times). The human body is not accustomed to this type of milk. It is complicated to digest, so it is best to dilute with water. It produces cheese and milk vodka – Arak.
Forms of milk
There are several forms of milk:
- fresh milk – only milk that is still warm. Paradoxically, but in this milk quite a few different intestinal bacteria, so doctors recommend to drink milk two hours after milking, especially for children under one year. During this time most of the bacteria die;
- baked milk – this milk cooks expose to a thermal treatment at a temperature of 95 C for 3-4 hours. In the process of cooking the milk should not boil;
- dry milk – white powder produced by evaporating the milk;
- pasteurized milk – milk, heated to 75 С. Ыuch processing allows the milk not to spoil within 2 weeks;
- UHT milk – milk exposed to heat up to 145 C. it kills all the germs and bacteria but reduces the beneficial properties of milk;
- condensed milk – milk produced by evaporation of moisture to a thick consistency and add sugar.
To use milk is best as a standalone product or in combination with cereals, tea, coffee. Milk is poorly absorbed combined with eggs, fish, cheese, and meat. For normal digestion of milk (250 g), it should be drunk in small SIPS for 5-6 minutes.
The benefits of milk
The healing properties of milk familiar since ancient times. It was popular for the nursing debilitated and malnourished patients and the complex of therapeutic measures in pulmonary diseases, tuberculosis, and bronchitis.
Milk is a unique product containing a wide variety of vitamins, minerals, proteins, enzymes, and lactic acid. Found in milk, globulins, casein, and albumin are antibiotic substances. So milk has antibacterial properties, prevents the development of infections in the body, strengthens the immune system.
Microelements responsible for the normal development of all cells in the body, especially affects the health of hair, teeth, nails and skin. Saturated acids regulate the activity of the nervous system. In particular, milk has a calming effect and it is best to drink before bed as a prevention of insomnia and manifestations of depression. Lactose is responsible for proper bowel function, prevents the processes of decay, growth of harmful microflora. Also, lactose helps the absorption of calcium.
Milk due to high content of fat and protein perfectly restores power after physical and mental stress. Potassium, calcium, and vitamin B12 have a positive effect on the cardiovascular system’s activity and regulates metabolism. Brewed milk-based herbs better give their nutrients and easier to digest. Milk is often used as a dietary product in the composition of diets, particularly dairy.
Regardless of the type of milk it is good in treating colds, flu and sore throats. A glass of warm milk with honey and butter warms a sore throat, soothes cough, and improves expectoration.
Amino acid lysozyme in the milk composition has healing properties, so it is beneficial for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Doctors prescribe milk for hyperacidity of the stomach and chronic heartburn.
Milk often used in cooking various kinds of face masks. It nourishes the skin, relieves inflammation and irritation.
In cooking, the milk is best for cooking sauces, cereals, baking, marinades, cocktails, drinks, coffee and other dishes.
Harm of milk and contraindications
Some people have a specific intolerance to lactose and casein. Especially a lot of casein in cow’s milk, so you may replace it with goat’s and camel’s milk or consume cow’s milk products: yogurt, sour cream, fermented baked milk, cottage cheese, yogurt, and others.
Besides, milk can cause severe allergic reactions: itching, rash, laryngeal edema, nausea, bloating, and vomiting. In identifying such manifestations, you should stop the use of milk.