Complete catalog of food additives (E-additives or E-numbers)

Contents

General Description

Actually, “E” in the names of E-additives or E-numbers only means that the substances used in the preparation of the product belong to the list of food additives approved in Europe. Not more. And information about them contains a digital code.

So, remember! The letter “E” stands for Europe, and the digital code is a characteristic of the food additive to the product.

A code starting with 1 means dyes; 2 – preservatives, 3 – antioxidants (they prevent spoilage of the product), 4 – stabilizers (preserve its consistency), 5 – emulsifiers (maintain the structure), 6 – flavor and aroma enhancers, 9 – anti-flaming, that is antifoam substances. E – 700 and E -899 are spare numbers. Indexes with a four-digit number indicate the presence of sweeteners – substances that keep sugar or salt friable, glazing agents.

There are flavors, leavening agents, glazing agents, sweeteners, clarifiers, anti-caking agents, acidity regulators on the list … The era of additives began in the second half of the last century, but now more than three thousand of them are known.

Complete catalog of food additives (E-additives or E-numbers)

The list of the most dangerous food E supplements:

The growth of malignant tumors:

Е103, E105, E121, E123, Е125, Е126, Е130, E131, Е143, Е152, Е210, E211, Е213, Е214, Е215, Е216, Е217, Е240, E330, Е447

Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract:

E221, Е222, E223, Е224, Е225, Е226, E320, E321, E322, Е338, Е339, Е340, Е341, Е407, E450, E461, Е462, Е463, Е464, Е465, Е466

Allergens:

E230, Е231, Е232, E239, E311, Е312, Е313

Diseases of the liver and kidneys:

E171, Е173, E320, E321, E322

No.Level

danger

Full nameTypeUsed inEffect on the bodyBanned

in countries

Dyes

E100harmlessCurcuminDye / orange, yellow / naturalConfectionery, liquors, meat dishes
E101harmlessRiboflavin (vitamin B2)Dye / yellowRaspberry, plum, strawberry, quince, apples, apricots, eggplants, peppers, parsley, asparagus, fennel, beans, saladAffects the absorption of protein and carbohydrates, participates in the synthesis of a number of enzymes that ensure the transport of oxygen in the body
E102very dangerousTatrasandye / Golden yellowIce cream, confectionery, candy, jelly, puree, soups, yogurt, mustard, and drinksMigraine, itching, irritability, blurred vision,

food allergies, thyroid disease, sleep disorder

Ukraine, EU
Е103threatWill alkanet, alkanin (Alkanet)Dye / red-Burgundy/ obtained by extraction from the roots of Alkanna tinctoriaCarcinogenicity (causes cancer)Russia
E104very dangerousQuinoline yellowDye / yellow-greenSmoked fish, colored jelly beans, mints, cough, the gumHyperactive behavior in children, inflammation of the skinAustralia, Japan, Norway, USA.
E105threatThe growth of malignant tumors
Е107threatYellow 2 GDye/ yellowallergic reaction, bronchial asthmaRussia, Austria, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Japan
E110threatYellow “sunset” FCF, orange yellow SDye / bright orangeGlasure candy, jams, beverages, packaged soup, Eastern spices, sauces, etc.allergic reaction, nasal congestion, runny nose, nausea, abdominal pain, hyperactivity
Е116bannedpropyl etherpreservativesConfectionery and meat productsFood poisoningRussia
Е117bannedsodium saltpreservativesConfectionery and meat productsFood poisoningRussia
E121bannedCitrus redDyeThe growth of malignant tumors
Е122AzorubinDye / raspberry
E123bannedAmaranthAnionic dye / from dark red to purple colorColoring natural and synthetic fabrics, leather, paper and phenol-formaldehyde sopasanmalformations in the fetus, is carcinogenic (causes cancer)Russia
E124threatPonceau 4RDye / kostelany redSalad dressings, dessert toppings, muffins, biscuits, cheese products, salamiDiseases of the gastrointestinal tract, can cause cancer, asthma attacks
Е125bannedPonceau, Ponceau SX

(Ponceau SX)

 
The growth of malignant tumorsRussia

Ukraine

Е126threatThe growth of malignant tumors
E127threatErythrosineDye / blue-pinkCanned fruit, crackers, maraschino cherries, semi-finished biscuits, casings for sausages

toothpastes, blush, medicines

Asthma, hyperactivity, can cause adverse effects on the liver, heart, thyroid, reproductive, stomach, has a carcinogenic effect
E128especially

threat

 
Red 2G

(Red 2G).

Dye / redSausage, sausage, shredded meatIs a genotoxic compound, that is, having the ability to cause changes in the genes

– cancer;

developmental abnormalities of the fetus;

 

– congenital pathology.

Russia
E129threatRed

charming as

Dye / red, orangeConfectionery, medicines, cosmetic products, lipstickCarcinogenicity (causes cancer), allergies of various kinds.Europe
Е130threatThe growth of malignant tumors
E131bannedPatented blue V(Patent Blue V)Dye / blue or purpleMinced meat, sausages, meat products, and is useful as a dye used in medical diagnostic proceduresThe growth of malignant tumors, asthma,

gastrointestinal disorders, anaphylaxis urticaria, hyperactivity, allergic reactions

EU, USA.
Е132Indigotin,

the Indigo

( Indigotine,

Indigo Carmine)

Dye /blueBottled soft drinks, sweets, biscuits, confectionery, ice cream, baked goods,

the conditioner for hair, paint for the test tablets and capsules (as a dye)

Asthma; allergic reactions; hyperactivity heart problems; not recommended for children; has a carcinogenic effect
Е133Brilliant blue FCFDye / blue / syntheticThe growth of malignant tumorsEU, US
Е140harmlessChlorophyllDye / green / naturalIce cream, creams, dairy desserts, sauces, mayonnaiseRussia
Е143threatThe growth of malignant tumors
Е151Black shinyDye / purple
Е152threatCoalDyeThe growth of malignant tumors
Е153threatCoal plant

(Vegetable Carbon)

DyeCarcinogenicity (causes cancer)Russia
Е154bannedBrown FK

(Brown FK)

Dyedisrupts the normal blood pressureRussia
Е155bannedBrown HT

(Brown HT)

DyeRussia
Е164Saffron

(Saffron)

Dye
Е166bannedSandalwood (Sandalwood)DyeRussia
E171threatTitanium dioxideDye / bleaching propertiesThe sun cream

white pieces of crab sticks

Skin cancer,

disease of the liver and kidneys

Е173not installedAluminium (Aluminium)DyeDisease of the liver and kidneysRussia
Е174not installedCerebropedalDyeRussia
Е175threatSomatopauseDyeRussia
Е180threatRuby Litol VK

(Lithol Rubine BK)

DyeRussia
Е182bannedOral, Orcines( Orchil)DyeRussia

Food preservatives

Е209threatP-hydroxybenzoic acid heptalogy ether (Heptyl p-hydroxybenzoate)PreservativeRussia
Е210threatBenzoic acidPreservative / natural contained in cranberries and lingonberriesBeverages, fruit products, fish products, the ketchup, in conservation, perfumesThe growth of malignant tumors

carcinogenic effect

E211threatSodium benzoatePreservative/ antibiotic, El colorSauces BBQ, preserve, soy sauces, fruit drops, hard candyThe growth of malignant tumors, allergies
Е213threatBenzoate of calciumPreservativeThe growth of malignant tumorsRussia
Е214bannedCarcinogenicity (causes cancer)PreservativeThe growth of malignant tumorsRussia
Е215threatP-hydroxybenzoic acid ethyl ester sodium salt (Sodium Ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate)PreservativeThe growth of malignant tumorsRussia
Е216threatPara-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl esterPreservativeCandy, chocolate with fillings, meat products covered in jelly, pies, soups and broths.The growth of malignant tumors, headache, irritability, fatigue,hepatic colic, food poisoning, a bad influence on the immune systemRussia
Е217threatPara-hydroxybenzoic acid propyl ester sodium saltPreservativeCandy, chocolate with fillings, meat products covered in jelly, pies, soups and broths.The growth of malignant tumors, headache, irritability, fatigue,hepatic colic, food poisoning, a bad influence on the immune systemRussia
Е219bannedP-hydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester sodium salt(Sodium Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate)PreservativeThe growth of malignant tumorsRussia
E220threatSulfur dioxidePreservative / colorless gas / inhibits the darkening of vegetables and fruits / antimicrobial agentBeer, wine, b/and drinks, dried fruit, juices, alcoholic drinks, vinegar, potato products, meat products,

as well as for foodstuffs subjected to further processing

Headache, nausea, diarrhea, heaviness in the stomach,allergic reactions (runny nose, cough, hoarseness, sore throat)
E221threatSodium sulfite

(Sodium Sulphite)

Preservative / inhibits enzymatic Browning of fruits and vegetables, slows the formation of melanoidinsDiseases of the gastrointestinal tract
Е222threatSodium Hydrosulphite (dithionite sodium)Preservative / antioxidant / white with a grayish White powderFood and light industry, chemical industryDiseases of the gastrointestinal tract
E223threatSodium pyrosulphitePreservative / white crystalline powder.Beverages, wines,

the marmalade, marshmallow, the jam, the jam,

raisins, tomato puree, fruit puree,

dried fruits (subject to heat treatment), the semis of berries (strawberries, raspberries, cherries, etc.)

Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, allergic reactions
Е224threatThe potassium pyrosulfitePreservative / antioxidantFaultDiseases of the gastrointestinal tract
Е225threatThe potassium sulfitePreservativeDiseases of the gastrointestinal tractRussia
Е226threatCalcium sulfite

(Calcium Sulphite)

PreservativeDiseases of the gastrointestinal tractRussia
Е227threatThe hydrosulfite calcium

(Calcium Hydrogen Sulphite)

PreservativeRussia
Е228threatThe potassium hydrogen sulphite (potassium bisulphite) (Potassium Hydrogen Sulphite)PreservativeRussia
E230threatBiphenyl, diphenyl

(Biphenyl, Diphenyl)

PreservativeThe growth of malignant tumors, allergiesRussia
Е231threatOrthophenylphenol (Orthophenyl Phenol)PreservativeAllergy, headache, irritability, fatigue,hepatic colic, a bad influence on the immune system, can trigger the occurrence of malignanciesRussia
Е232threatOrthophenylphenol sodium (Sodium Orthophenyl Phenol)PreservativeAllergy, headache, irritability, fatigue,hepatic colic, a bad influence on the immune system, can trigger the occurrence of malignanciesRussia
Е233threatTiabendazole (Thiabendazole)PreservativeRussia
Е234Nisin(Nisin)Preservative / natural antibioticDairy products, cheese, canned fruit and vegetables
Е237Sodium formatePreservativeRussia
Е238threatCalcium formatePreservativeRussia
E239threatHEXAMETHYL-

intermin

Preservativecanned grain salmon caviar and for the cultivation of uterine culture of yeast.Allergy
Е240RequestFormaldehydePreservative /

antiseptic / colorless gaseous substance with a sharp smell / deadly poison

preservation of biological materials (creation of anatomic and other biomodels),

and also for the manufacture of plastics, explosives, plasticizers and vaccines

The growth of malignant tumorsRussia
Е241threatGuaiac resin

(Gum Guaicum)

PreservativeRussia
Е242Dimethyldicarbonate

(Dimethyl Dicarbonate)

Preservativesoft drinks, wine
Е249The potassium nitrite

(Potassium Nitrite)

Preservative / colorant /

white or slightly yellowish crystalline powder / poison

meat and fish productsThe growth of malignant tumors
E250Sodium nitritePreservative, dye, seasoning / used for dry preservation of meat and stabilize the red colorbacon (especially fried), sausage, ham, smoked meat and fish products-Headache,

– oxygen starvation (hypoxia);

– a decrease in the content of vitamins in the body;

– food poisoning with possible fatal outcome

– irritability, -fatigue,

– biliary colic,

-increased excitability of the nervous system in children

– bad for the immune system

– may trigger malignant tumors

EU
Е251Sodium nitratePreservativeHeadache, irritability, fatigue,hepatic colic; the blue lips, nails, skin, convulsions, diarrhea, dizziness, shortness of breath, a bad influence on the immune system, can trigger the occurrence of malignancies
E252threatPotassium nitrate (potassium nitrate)Preservative / Colorless -white crystalline powder, odorlessglass manufacturing, food products, mineral fertilizers.The growth of malignant tumorsRussia
Е253threatRussia
Е264threatRussia
Е281threatRussia
Е282threatRussia
Е283threatRussia

Antioxidants

E300
Е301
Е302threatRussia
Е303threatRussia
Е304threatRussia
Е305threatRussia
Е308threatRussia
Е309threatRussia
E310threatRussia
E311threatAntioxidantAllergy, asthma attacks, increased cholesterolRussia
Е312threatAllergyRussia
Е313threatAllergyRussia
Е314threatRussia
Е317threatRussia
Е318threatRussia
E320threatantioxidantAntioxidant / to slow down the oxidation process in the fat and oil mixturesproducts with fat; chewing gum.Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, liver, kidneys; vyzyvaet asthma attacks and increase in cholesterol
E321threatAntioxidantDiseases of the gastrointestinal tract, liver, kidneys; vyzyvaet asthma attacks and increase in cholesterol
E322threatDiseases of the gastrointestinal tract, liver and kidneys
Е323threatRussia
E324threatRussia
Е325threatRussia
Е328threatRussia
Е329threatRussia
E330threatThe growth of malignant tumors

Antioxidants and stabilizers

Е338threatDiseases of the gastrointestinal tract
Е339threatDiseases of the gastrointestinal tract
Е340threatDiseases of the gastrointestinal tract
Е341threatDiseases of the gastrointestinal tract
Е343threatRussia
Е344threatRussia
Е345threatRussia
Е349threatRussia
E350threatRussia
Е351threatRussia
Е352threatRussia
Е355threatRussia
Е356threatRussia
Е357threatRussia
Е359threatRussia
Е365threatRussia
Е366threatRussia
Е367threatRussia
Е368threatRussia
Е370threatRussia
Е375threatRussia
Е381threatRussia
Е384threatRussia
Е387threatRussia
Е388threatRussia
Е389threatRussia
Е390threatRussia
Е399threat

Emulsifiers and stabilizers

E400

Е499

thickeners, stabilizers for increasing the viscosity of the productmayonnaise

yogurt cultures

Diseases food system
Е403threatRussia
Е407threatDiseases of the gastrointestinal tract
Е408threatRussia
Е418threatRussia
Е419threatRussia
Е429threatRussia
Е430threatRussia
Е431threatRussia
Е432threatRussia
Е433threatRussia
Е434threatRussia
Е435threatRussia
Е436threatRussia
Е441threatRussia
Е442threatRussia
Е443threatRussia
Е444threatRussia
Е446threatRussia
Е447threatThe growth of malignant tumors
E450threatDiseases of the gastrointestinal tract
E461threatDiseases of the gastrointestinal tract
Е462threatDiseases of the gastrointestinal tractRussia
Е463threatDiseases of the gastrointestinal tractRussia
Е464threatDiseases of the gastrointestinal tract
Е465threatDiseases of the gastrointestinal tractRussia
Е466threatDiseases of the gastrointestinal tract
Е467threatRussia
Е474threatRussia
Е476threatRussia
E477threatRussia
Е478threatRussia
Е479threatRussia
Е480threatRussia
Е482threatRussia
Е483threatRussia
Е484threatRussia
Е485threatRussia
Е486threatRussia
Е487threatRussia
Е488threatRussia
Е489threatRussia
Е491threatRussia
Е492threatRussia
Е493threatRussia
Е494threatRussia
Е495threatRussia
Е496threatRussia

Substances against caking and caking

E500-

Е599

EmulsifiersAdversely affect the liver and cause a disorder of the stomach
Е505threatRussia
Е510especially dangerousemulsifier / create a homogeneous mass with the combination of immiscible products, such as water and oil.Adversely affect the liver and cause a disorder of the stomach
Е512Russia
Е513especially dangerousemulsifier / create a homogeneous mass with the combination of immiscible products, such as water and oil.Adversely affect the liver and cause a disorder of the stomach
Russia
Е516Russia
Е517Russia
E518Russia
Е519Russia
Е520Russia
Е521Russia
Е522Russia
Е523Russia
E527especially dangerousemulsifier / create a homogeneous mass with the combination of immiscible products, such as water and oil.Adversely affect the liver and cause a disorder of the stomach
Е535Russia
Е537Russia
Е538Russia
Е541Russia
Е542Russia
Е550Russia
Е552Russia
Е554Russia
Е555Russia
Е556Russia
Е557Russia
Е559Russia
Е560Russia
Е574Russia
Е576Russia
E 577Russia
Е579Russia
Е580Russia

Amplifiers of taste and smell

Е622bannedGlutamate potassiumRussia

Ukraine

Е623Russia
Е624Russia
Е625Russia
Е628Russia
Е629Russia
Е632Russia
Е633Russia
Е634Russia
Е635Russia
Е640Russia
Е641Russia

Glazirovanny, tenderisers and other baking improvers and other substances

Е906Russia
Е908Russia
Е911Russia
Е913Russia
Е916Russia
Е917Russia
Е918Russia
Е919Russia
Е922Russia
Е926Russia
Е929Russia
Е942Russia
Е943Russia
Е944Russia
Е945Russia
Е946Russia
E951aspartamea synthetic sweetener– depletion of serotonin in the cerebral cortex;

– the development of manic depression, fits of panic, violence (with excessive use).

Е957Russia
Е959Russia

Conclusion

There are additives that are definitely harmful, and everyone knows this, but they have been used for decades, because there is no alternative. Such “irreplaceable” substances include sodium nitrite. It is used in the production of sausages to give it a delicious pink color.

An overdose of sodium nitrite is extremely dangerous. Once in the body, a substance related to nitrate blocks the supply of oxygen to the tissues, and a person can die. And why are we hooked on this sausage?

However, in the State Sanitary and Epidemiological Supervision, I was reassured: sodium nitrite is one of the few additives, the concentration of which in the product is easily determined by laboratory methods.

Exceedances, even minor ones, are very rare.

Determining the presence of banned substances is not easy.

Our various inspection bodies are much more concerned about something that does not require special laboratory studies: invoices, cash receipts, products on display cases. Therefore, environmentalists draw the attention of city residents: be vigilant!

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