More and more countries are striving to preserve and improve the environmental situation: reducing carbon emissions into the atmosphere, recycling, renewable energy sources, environmentally friendly products, driving hybrid cars. Countries are ranked annually (EPI), a method that evaluates the effectiveness of the environmental policies of more than 163 countries in combating climate change and promoting environmental conservation.
So, the seven most environmentally friendly countries in the world include:
The country is doing an excellent job of preserving the environment through renewable energy sources. France is particularly impressive for its use of sustainable fuels, organic farming and solar energy. The French government is encouraging the use of the latter by reducing taxes for those who use solar panels to power their homes. The country is rapidly developing the field of straw housing construction (a method of natural construction of buildings from building blocks made of pressed straw).
The only African country with a high Eco-Performance Index score. The government of the country strongly promotes the use of eco-products and recycling. Mauritius is predominantly self-sufficient in hydroelectricity.
Faced with the “charms” of global warming, Norway was forced to take quick action to preserve the environment. Prior to the introduction of “green” energy, Norway was largely affected by the effects of global warming due to the fact that its northern part is located near the melting Arctic.
The country ranks first when it comes to preserving the environment with sustainable products. In addition to using green products, the country excelled in the Index thanks to its population, which is well on its way to phasing out fossil fuels by 2020. Sweden is also known for the special protection of its forest cover. Heating is being introduced in the country – biofuel, which is made from wood waste and does not harm the environment. When burning pellets, 3 times more heat is released than when using firewood. Carbon dioxide is released in a smaller amount, and the remaining ash can be used as fertilizer for forest plantations.
3) Costa Rica
Another perfect example of a small country doing great things. Latin American Costa Rica has made significant progress in implementing eco-policy. For the most part, the country uses energy obtained from renewable sources to ensure its functioning. Not so long ago, the government of Costa Rica set the goal of becoming carbon neutral by 2021. Massive reforestation is taking place with over 5 million trees planted in the last 3-5 years. Deforestation is a thing of the past, and the government is tightening measures on this issue.
The second “green” country of the planet, which in the past ranked first. The government and the people have made remarkable strides in building a sustainable society. In addition to renewable energy and environmentally friendly products, the mentality of the population on the importance of a clean environment. Cars are banned in some cities, while bicycles are the preferred mode of transportation in others.
Today Iceland is the most eco-friendly country in the world. With its breathtaking nature, the people of Iceland have made significant strides in implementing green energy. For example, it is widely used for power generation. Heating needs are covered by the use of hydrogen. The main energy source of the country is renewable energy (geothermal and hydrogen), which accounts for more than 82% of all energy consumed. The country is really putting a lot of effort into being 100% green. The country’s policy encourages recycling, clean fuels, eco products, and minimal driving.