Fishing for white carp
The silver carp is a medium-sized freshwater schooling fish belonging to the cypriniform order. Under natural conditions, it lives in the Amur River, there are cases of catching a meter-long fish weighing 16 kg. The maximum age of this fish is more than 20 years. The silver carp is a pelagic fish that feeds on phytoplankton throughout its life, except for the early stages. The average length and weight of silver carp in commercial catches are 41 cm and 1,2 kg. The fish is introduced into many reservoirs of the former Soviet Union, where it grows faster than in the Amur.
Ways to catch white carp
To catch this fish, anglers use various bottom and float gear. Pay attention to the strength of the equipment, as the silver carp cannot be denied strength, and it often makes rapid throws, jumping out of the water. Fish react to many baits for non-predatory fish.
Catching silver carp on a float tackle
Fishing with float rods, most often, is carried out on reservoirs with stagnant or slowly flowing water. Sport fishing can be carried out both with rods with a blind snap, and with plugs. At the same time, in terms of the number and complexity of accessories, this fishing is not inferior to specialized carp fishing. Fishing with a float, with success, is also carried out on “running snaps”. Fishing with match rods is very successful when the silver carp stays far from the shore. Many anglers who specialize in catching silver carp have created original float rigs that are successfully used on “home ponds”. It is worth noting here that catching this fish on options for “dead rigging” is less successful. There are several reasons for this. First of all, the large silver carp is quite shy and often does not come close to the shore.
Silver carp can be caught on the simplest gear: a feeder about 7 cm is equipped with several hooks (2-3 pcs.) With foam balls attached and attached to the main fishing line. Leashes are taken from braided line with a diameter of 0,12 mm. Please note that short leashes will not give the desired result, so their length should be at least 20 cm. The fish, along with water, grabs the bait and gets on the hook. But still, for fishing from the bottom, you should give preference to the feeder and picker. This is fishing on “bottom” equipment, most often using feeders. Very comfortable for most, even inexperienced anglers. They allow the fisherman to be quite mobile on the pond, and because of the possibility of point feeding, quickly “collect” fish in a given place. Feeder and picker, as separate types of equipment, currently differ only in the length of the rod. The basis is the presence of a bait container-sinker (feeder) and interchangeable tips on the rod. The tops change depending on the fishing conditions and the weight of the feeder used. Nozzles for fishing can be any, both vegetable and animal, including pastes. This method of fishing is available to everyone. Tackle is not demanding for additional accessories and specialized equipment. This allows you to fish in almost any water bodies. It is worth paying attention to the choice of feeders in shape and size, as well as bait mixtures. This is due to the conditions of the reservoir (river, pond, etc.) and the food preferences of local fish.
To catch this interesting fish, any vegetable baits will do. Good fishing provides boiled young or canned peas. The hook can be masked with pieces of filamentous algae. As bait, “technoplankton” is increasingly used, which resembles the natural food of silver carp – phytoplankton. This bait can be made by yourself or purchased in a retail network.
Places of fishing and habitat
The natural habitat of the silver carp is the Far East of Russia and China. In Russia, it is mainly found in the Amur and some large lakes – Qatar, Orel, Bolon. Occurs in Ussuri, Sungari, Lake Khanka, Sakhalin. As an object of fishing, it is widely distributed in Europe and Asia, introduced into many water bodies of the republics of the former USSR. In summer, silver carps prefer to be in the channels of the Amur and lakes, for the winter they move to the riverbed and lie in pits. This fish prefers warm water, warmed up to 25 degrees. She loves backwaters, avoids strong currents. In a comfortable environment for themselves, silver carps actively work up. With a cold snap, they practically stop eating. Therefore, large silver carps are found most often in artificially heated reservoirs.
In the silver carp, as in the white carp, spawning occurs during sharp rises in water from early June to mid-July. The average fecundity is about half a million transparent eggs with a diameter of 3-4 mm. Spawning is portioned, usually occurs up to three visits. In warm water, the development of larvae lasts two days. Silver carps become sexually mature only by 7-8 years. Although in Cuba and India, this process is several times faster and takes only 2 years. Males mature earlier than females, on average by one year.