Sebaceous glands are external secretion glands that are located in the surface layers of human skin. Their size ranges from 0,2 to 2 mm. They reach their greatest development by the time of puberty. This is due to the production of hormones such as testosterone and progesterone. At the same time, testosterone is produced in boys who become men, and progesterone is produced in girls who become women.
The sebaceous glands are represented by simple alveolar glands, the ducts of which are located in large numbers on the scalp. In addition, these glands are found almost throughout the body. They are found on the lips, eyelids, in the external auditory canal and on the genitals. They are absent on the palms and soles, as well as on the palmar and plantar surfaces of the fingers.
- During the day, normally functioning glands produce up to 20 grams of sebum, the main functions of which are bacteriostatic, as well as protecting the skin and hair from drying out.
- There are from 4 to 360 sebaceous glands on one centimeter of the skin.
Useful foods for the sebaceous glands
- Walnuts. They contain a large amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids and are an important component of the human diet. In addition, the phytoncide juglone contained in them significantly increases the bacteriostatic function of sebum.
- Chicken eggs. Due to their high amount of nutrients, eggs play an important role in providing the sebaceous glands with adequate nutrition.
- Carrot. The substances contained in carrots are responsible for maintaining the normal functioning of the sebaceous glands. This is due to the presence of provitamin A in carrots, in the form of beta-carotene.
- Fatty fish. The polyunsaturated acids contained in fish are actively involved in the production of sebum, which plays an important antibacterial and protective function.
- Chicken meat. It is a source of protein, which plays an important role in the construction of cells of the sebaceous glands.
- Seaweed. Contains a large amount of iodine, which, together with phytoncide juglone, is involved in providing bacteriostatic sebum.
- Bitter dark chocolate. Stimulates the release of serotonin, which is responsible for providing the entire body, and the sebaceous glands in particular, with a normal amount of oxygen. It can only be consumed in small quantities.
- Spinach. A good source of antioxidants. Participates in maintaining the water-salt balance of the cells of the sebaceous glands.
- Greens and leafy vegetables. An excellent source of magnesium, potassium and organic calcium. Improves the work of the sebaceous glands. Prevents excess sebum secretion.
- Beet. Cleans the body of toxins and toxins. Promotes the normalization of the sebaceous glands.
For the normal functioning of the body, it is important that its largest organ, called the skin, is healthy and can normally perform its protective functions. But to do this, it is necessary that the skin cells have good turgor and be protected from the effects of pathogenic microorganisms. And for this, as mentioned above, the sebaceous glands are responsible. And in order for them to fulfill their role, it is necessary to provide them not only with adequate nutrition, but also with appropriate training.
- In this case, massage with the use of patting movements helps very well, as a result of which the blood vessels of the skin are activated, which nourish the sebaceous glands.
- Also, to prevent clogging of the glands, it is useful to visit the sauna (beforehand, it is advisable to consult with a cardiologist).
- A contrast shower is also good, as a result of which, the work of the sebaceous glands improves.
Means for cleansing and healing the sebaceous glands
Good results for cleansing the sebaceous glands, as well as for the prevention of acne, were shown by the pharmacy talker, which contains substances such as sulfur and resorcinol. Thanks to these components, the sebaceous passages expand, clearing up dirt and sebaceous plugs. You can order such a chatterbox in pharmacies engaged in self-preparation of medicines.
Harmful foods for the sebaceous glands
- Alcoholic beverages. Drinking alcohol stimulates the onset of spasm in the excretory ducts of the sebaceous glands, as a result of which their complete blockage and the appearance of wen (lipomas) are possible.
- Long-term storage foods. Due to the high content of preservatives in them, they also have an adverse effect on the cells of the sebaceous glands.
- Baking and sweets. Lovers of everything flour and sweet, run the risk of disrupting the normal functioning of the sebaceous glands. In this case, increased production of sebum begins, as a result of which the skin takes on an untidy appearance, shines, and acne appears on it.