Flora and fauna on which our ecosystem depends

Some key animals and plants have a significant impact on the state of the world ecosystem by their very existence. The problem is that the world is currently facing a mass extinction of species – one of six such extinctions in the entire existence of the Earth (according to scientific estimates). Let’s take a look at some of the key species. Bees Everyone knows that a bee is a very busy insect. And indeed it is! Bees are responsible for the pollination of about 250 plant species. Imagine what would happen to herbivores dependent on these plants if bees disappeared. Corals If you have ever seen coral reefs and all the fauna that lives in them, it becomes obvious that when corals disappear, all the organisms living in them will also disappear. The researchers found a relationship between the abundance of species of living fish and the well-being of the coral. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Research, there are programs to conserve and protect corals. Sea otter Sea otters, or sea otters, are one of the key species. They feed on sea urchins, which devour forest algae if their reproduction is not controlled. At that time, the forest algae ecosystem is essential for many species, from starfish to sharks. Tiger shark This species of shark by and large preys on anything that fits in its jaw. However, most often, sharks consume the sickest and weakest population of the ocean as food. Thus, tiger sharks improve the health of the fish population by preventing the development of diseases. sugar maple This tree has the ability to transfer water through its roots from moist soil to dry areas, thereby saving nearby plants. The canopy from the density of the foliage of the tree creates favorable conditions for the life of insects, which, in turn, are very important for maintaining soil moisture. Some of the insects feed on sugar maple sap. Thus, everything in nature is interconnected and nothing is invented by it just like that. Let’s make every effort to preserve the flora and fauna of our planet!

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