General description of the disease
This is a very contagious inflammatory disease caused by a fungus belonging to the Dermatophyton genus. It is characterized by damage to the upper layer of the skin.
Types and symptoms of epidermophytosis:
- Inguinal – the fungus affects the skin of the groin area, folds between the buttocks, mammary glands, areas under the arms. It can spread to the skin of the palms, trunk, head (especially the hairy part), to the genitals. In places of lesion, the skin turns red (in the form of spots that can grow together), there is a slight peeling in the center, and bubbles and bumps containing pus appear along the edges of the focus (when combing, erosions appear). In this case, the skin in the lesion is unbearably itchy, itchy and there is a strong burning sensation.
- Stop – proceeds in four forms:
First – erased: the inflammatory process manifests itself little, in the form of small red spots and peeling between the fingers (a distinctive feature is the presence of these symptoms on the 4th gap between the fingers). In addition, small cracks appear on the soles.
The second – squamous-hyperkeratotic: blue-red nodules appear on the affected foot, in the center they are covered with gray scales, in the periphery, the stratum corneum peels off, under them bubbles with a transparent liquid are visible. Between the fingers, the skin first whitens and flakes, then acquires a yellowish tint and resembles a rough callus. When inactive, the nodules merge with each other, which causes damage to the entire surface of the foot and even the lateral part of the limb.
The third – intertriginous: mainly, foci appear at 3-5 interdigital spaces. They have a red color, various erosion, ulcers and bleeding cracks are present. The surface of the affected skin is constantly moist. The inflammatory process is very painful, also, patients note a strong burning sensation and itching in the foci of epidermophytosis.
The fourth – dyshidrotic: at the initial stage of the disease, small bubbles with liquid appear on the foot, while the skin does not change in any way. Over time, if no therapeutic measures are taken, the skin becomes reddish and edema appears, then bubbles begin to merge with each other (they form multi-chamber cavities, then burst, resulting in erosion).
- Nail plate – the first or last toe is affected by the fungus. First, thin veins of yellow color appear in the thickness of the nail plate, then spots and ultimately the entire nail becomes yellow, dense, but fragile. Also, the nail may separate from the nail bed.
The cause of epidermophytosis is a fungus.that infects a healthy person through the use of infected objects:
- life – touching furniture, floor, cutlery;
- personal hygiene – bedding, clothing, underwear, wearing shoes, using a washcloth, towels;
- sports (any sports equipment in the gym);
- in public baths, showers, laundries, swimming pools.
Route of infection: a flake of the epidermis (the stratum corneum of the skin, which is infected with a fungus) first gets on the above things, then on the skin of a healthy person. It should be noted that this disease anthropophilic and in no way can be transmitted from person to animal and vice versa.
People at risk of getting sick with epidermophytosis:
- people working in hot shops;
- employees and regular visitors to baths, saunas, swimming pools, gyms;
- people living in countries with warm and humid climates;
- the presence of cancer, cardiovascular, problems with the endocrine system, tuberculosis, excess weight;
- people who constantly damage the integrity of the skin.
Useful products for epidermophytosis
- fermented milk products (yogurt, kefir, sourdough);
- bread and baked goods made from whole grain flour and second grade flour;
- garlic, onion, spinach, horseradish;
- fruits (it is better to give preference to citrus fruits – they will help to increase immunity and make up for the lack of vitamin C, which the fungus is very afraid of), vegetables, berries, nuts, cereals (especially wheat germ) – this food should make up about 70% of the diet);
- juices, compotes (should be diluted and slightly sour).
Traditional medicine for epidermophytosis:
- On the site of the lesion, it is necessary to apply gruel from onions or wild onions, heads of garlic, radish seeds (only black).
- Make lotions with tinctures prepared from the buds of white birch, poplar.
- Smear the foci of the disease with pine and birch tar (can be combined with sulfur or salicylic acid).
- It is necessary to take baths with decoctions of larch, basil, calendula, dill, thyme, roots of marsh calamus and cinquefoil, rose petals, lavender, horsetail, chamomile, eucalyptus, rue, celandine and milkweed. You can use not only each infusion from one medicinal plant, but also prepare baths by combining them into fees. Depending on the location of the lesion, you can make separate baths for the feet and hands. You need to do baths 3 times a day, lasting up to 15 minutes.
- It is useful to drink green tea, tea made from lingonberry leaves, currants, dried strawberries, rose hips.
- Dry and flaky skin can be lubricated with honey, tea tree oil, figs.
- With epidermophytosis of the foot and nails, socks should be changed twice a day; rubber, narrow shoes should not be worn. Shoes should be treated with a special antifungal spray or talcum powder. If the groin is affected, do not wear tight or synthetic underwear and clothing.
- With inguinal epidermophytosis, you need to make lotions with salt. To prepare a glass of salty solution, you need 1 tablespoon of salt. Also, baking soda is a good remedy for this type of athlete’s foot. It is necessary to dilute the baking soda with boiled water to obtain a thick gruel (like a toothpaste). She needs to smear the sore areas and wait until it dries up. After that, the affected area must be sprinkled with starch made from corn kernels.
Dangerous and harmful products with epidermophytosis
- fatty food;
- dishes cooked with mushrooms;
- bread, rolls and other pastries made from premium white flour and yeast;
- any sweets and foods containing sugar.
This list of products creates ideal conditions for the parasitic fungus.
The administration is not responsible for any attempt to use the information provided, and does not guarantee that it will not harm you personally. The materials cannot be used to prescribe treatment and make a diagnosis. Always consult your specialist doctor!