General description of the disease


These are diseases that affect the brain of a non-inflammatory nature (the main difference from encephalitis), combined into one general group.

With encephalopathy, dystrophic changes in the tissues of the brain occur, which is why its normal functioning is disrupted.

Depending on the origin, 2 types of encephalopathy are distinguished:

Congenital – the causes of occurrence are considered:

  • genetic abnormalities;
  • defects in the development of the brain;
  • infectious diseases transferred by the mother during pregnancy;
  • early childbirth;
  • injuries that the child received during childbirth;
  • large fetal weight;
  • wrapping the umbilical cord of a fetus in the womb or a baby at birth;
  • fetal hypoxia, resulting from disorders in the functioning of important organs and systems for life support.

Acquired character – the disease occurs due to the influence of any factors in the postnatal period.


Types and causes of acquired encephalopathy:

  1. 1 post-traumatic (various injuries and damage to the brain);
  2. 2 perinatal (pathological course of pregnancy or delivery);
  3. 3 vascular and hypertensive (presence of atherosclerosis, dyscirculation or hypertension);
  4. 4 toxic (regular poisoning with alcohol and drugs, heavy metals, drugs, pesticides);
  5. 5 uremic and hepatic (chronic kidney and liver diseases, respectively);
  6. 6 radiation (radiation exposure);
  7. 7 venous (caused by: vegetative-vascular dystonia, increased intracranial pressure).

Also, the causes of acquired encephalopathy include the presence of diseases such as ischemia and diabetes, lack of vitamin B1 in the body.

The degree of encephalopathy and their symptoms:

  • there is poor memory, irritability, sleep problems, increased fatigue, constant malaise, a feeling of fatigue, weakness, lethargy, headache (young children may have a fear of light, throwing their heads back, inadequate reaction to noise and sounds, bulging eyes, too often a child spits up);
  • previous symptoms are aggravated, dizziness, nausea are connected, the patient can get lost in time and space, tinnitus;
  • severe changes occur in the brain tissues, with mental disorders, loss of consciousness, paresis, constant painful headaches, epilepsy and Parkinson’s disease may develop.

Useful foods for encephalopathy

You should adhere to the Mediterranean diet, which includes the consumption of seafood, brown rice, fermented milk products, peas – especially Turkish peas, corn, rye, nuts and a low-calorie diet (the number of calories consumed per day should be no more than 2500 kilograms of calories, if you follow this diet, you can there are carrot salads, dried fruits – raisins, dried apricots, figs, instead of mayonnaise, use vegetable oils as various dressings, especially olive, sesame, linseed).

To improve memory and focus, you need to add shrimp and onions to your diet.

Also, you need to eat foods that stimulate the circulatory system: potatoes, tomatoes, citrus fruits, raspberries, grapes, bell peppers, parsley and garlic. To reduce cholesterol and accelerate metabolic processes and the release of toxins from the body, cereals, cod liver and all green fruits and vegetables are required. In addition to all this, it is necessary to consume a sufficient amount of water – at least 2 liters of pure water should be drunk per day (juices and compotes are referred to as liquid).

This whole list of products helps the membranes of brain cells to gradually recover (this is due to the cleansing of its vessels and improving blood circulation).

Read also our dedicated Brain Nutrition article.

Traditional medicine for encephalopathy

To get rid of headaches, dizziness, tinnitus, remove lethargy and weakness, you need to drink infusions of red clover, hawthorn, Caucasian discorrhea, rose hips, white birch leaves, oregano, plantain, coltsfoot, motherwort, dill seeds, dried chives … You can add a little lemon or zest and propolis or honey.

Outdoor walks, morning exercises, oxygen and radon baths, massage will be effective and useful.

Dangerous and harmful foods for encephalopathy

  • table salt in large doses;
  • all fatty foods;
  • chocolate;
  • alcohol;
  • instant food, convenience foods, foods with E additives, trans fats, palm oil, dyes and additives;
  • too spicy food.

All these products accelerate the collection of toxins and toxins in the body, and contribute to the formation of blood clots. All this impairs blood flow, due to which encephalopathy progresses and becomes more severe, threatening the body with serious consequences.


The administration is not responsible for any attempt to use the information provided, and does not guarantee that it will not harm you personally. The materials cannot be used to prescribe treatment and make a diagnosis. Always consult your specialist doctor!

Nutrition for other diseases:

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