Morning after pills have been available in pharmacies without a prescription since April 16, 2015 for girls over 15 years of age. At such a young age, its purchase will be possible after presenting an identity card or passport. The decision to facilitate access to the morning-after pill in the European Union without a prescription was made by the European Commission in January 2015.
The essence of the pill after
The product is intended to be an emergency contraception that inhibits or delays ovulation and should not be used by women who are sure, or at least suspect, that they are already pregnant. The use of this tablet within 24 hours of intercourse has the highest effectiveness, then it decreases. If vomiting occurs, it is advisable to take the pill again. The cost of one ranges from PLN 55 to PLN 130.
Tabletka «po» actively affects the hypothalamus in the brain. The luteinizing hormone LH is inhibited, and the surge releases the egg from the ovary. As the level of the hormone drops, the egg is not released. In addition, within XNUMX hours of taking it, peristalsis of the fallopian tube does not allow the egg to reach the uterus in a timely manner and prevents it from implanting in the uterine wall. This measure should not replace traditional contraception, it can only be used in emergency situations, e.g. in the case of condom breakage, rape.
Like any medical preparation, morning after pills can cause unwanted side effects. It is difficult to be 100% sure that it will not leave traces in the body. Disruption of menstrual cycles, intermenstrual bleeding, dizziness and headaches, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting and mood disorders are possible. The pill can also trigger an asthma attack in people with asthma. Side effects occur in 1-10 patients out of 100.