Water

Contents

Water is the basis of life. When she’s gone, everything freezes. But as soon as it becomes available to all living beings, and in large quantities, life begins to bubble again: flowers bloom, butterflies flutter, bees swarm … With a sufficient amount of water in the human body, processes of healing and restoration of many functions also occur.

In order to provide the body with fluid, it is necessary not only to consume water in its pure form, or in the form of compotes, teas and other liquids, but also as products containing water in the maximum amount.

Water-rich foods

Indicated approximate quantity in 100 g of product

 

General characteristics of water

Water is a liquid that is tasteless, colorless and odorless. In terms of chemical composition, it is hydrogen oxide. In addition to the liquid state, water, as we know, has a solid and gaseous state. Despite the fact that most of our planet is covered with water, the proportion of water suitable for the body is only 2,5%.

And if we take into account that 98,8% of the total amount of fresh water is in the form of ice, or is hidden underground, then there is very little supply of drinking water on Earth. And only careful use of this most valuable resource will help us save our lives!

Daily water requirement

As for the daily requirement of the body for water, it depends on gender, age, body constitution, as well as on the place of residence of the person. For example, for a person living on the coast, the amount of water consumed can be reduced compared to a person living in the Sahara. This is due to the fact that part of the water needed by the body can be absorbed by the body directly from the moisture in the air, as is the case with the inhabitants of coastal areas.

According to the latest research in the field of physiology, the required amount of water for a person is 30 ml per 1 kilogram of body weight.

That is, if the weight of an adult is 80 kg, then they should be multiplied by the 30 ml of liquid relying on.

Thus, we get the following results: 80 x 30 = 2400 ml.

Then it turns out that for a full-fledged life, a person weighing 80 kg needs to drink at least 2400 ml. liquids per day.

The need for water increases with:

  • In case of high air temperature and low humidity. In such conditions, the body heats up, and in order to prevent exceeding the maximum permissible temperature for the human body of 41 ° C, a person begins to sweat. Thus, the body temperature decreases, but a large amount of moisture is lost, which must be replenished.
  • The need for water increases with the use of excess salt. In this case, the body needs more moisture to normalize the blood composition.
  • Experiencing all sorts of ailments (for example, fever), the body needs additional fluid to cool the body, as well as to quickly eliminate harmful substances.

The need for water decreases with:

  • First of all, it is living in a climate filled with water vapor. Examples of this kind of climate include coastal regions such as the Baltic coast, as well as areas of the tropics.
  • Secondly, it is a low air temperature. In winter, after all, we always want to drink less than in summer, when the body needs additional moisture to cool the body.

Water assimilation

First, for the full assimilation of water, you need a clean, unweighted water molecule. The water intended for drinking should not contain various harmful impurities. “Heavy water” or deuterium in its chemical composition is an isotope of hydrogen, but due to its structure, which is different from ordinary water, all chemical processes in the body during its use are several times slower.

Therefore, it is worth remembering melt water, which is lighter and healthier. Such water helps to improve the functioning of the cardiovascular system, accelerates regenerative processes in the body, and stimulates metabolism.

The second factor affecting the absorption of water is the readiness of the body for this process. Physiologists describe examples when the surface layers of the skin, devoid of moisture, prevented its penetration into the depths. An example of such injustice is the skin of the elderly. As a result of dehydration, it becomes flabby, wrinkled and lacking in tone.

The third factor affecting the assimilation of water is the state of human health. So, for example, with dehydration, there is a decrease in the digestibility of the liquid. (Dehydration is the loss of a large amount of moisture in the body. In adults, the critical indicator is 1/3 of the total volume of fluid in the body, in children under 15). In this case, to combat general dehydration of the body, intravenous infusion of saline is used. The solution also showed good results. Ringera-Lokka… This solution, in addition to table salt, contains potassium chloride, calcium chloride, soda and glucose. Thanks to these components, not only the total volume of the fluid circulating in the body is restored, but the structure of the intercellular septa is also improved.

Useful properties of water and its effect on the body

We need water in order to dissolve useful substances necessary for transportation to various organs and systems. In addition, water plays an important role in the formation and functioning of all systems of the human body.

Without water, all life processes will be minimized. Since the elimination of metabolic products is impossible without the presence of a sufficient amount of fluid in the body. During a water shortage, metabolism also suffers. It is the lack of moisture that becomes the culprit for excess weight and the inability to quickly find the desired shape!

Water moisturizes the skin and mucous membranes, cleanses the body of toxins and toxins, is the basis of the joint fluid. With a lack of water, the joints begin to “creak”. In addition, water protects internal organs from damage, maintains a constant body temperature, and helps convert food into energy.

Interaction of water with other elements

You are probably familiar with the expression: “Water wears away stones.” So, water, by its nature, is a unique solvent. There is no substance in the world that could resist water. At the same time, a substance dissolved in water, as it were, is embedded in the general structure of water, occupying the space between its molecules. And, despite the fact that the dissolved substance is in close contact with water, water is only a solvent for it, capable of carrying most of the substance to one or another environment of our body.

Signs of water shortage and excess

Signs of a lack of water in the body

The first and most important sign of low water content in the body is thickening of blood… Without a sufficient amount of moisture, the blood is unable to perform its functions. As a result, the body receives less nutrients and oxygen, and metabolic products cannot leave the body, which contributes to its poisoning.

But this symptom can only be detected by the results of laboratory tests. Therefore, only physicians can determine the presence of a lack of fluid on this basis. The following signals of a lack of moisture in the body can be detected on your own.

The second sign of a lack of water in the body is dry mucous membranes… In a normal state, the mucous membranes should be slightly moist. But in case of a lack of fluid, the mucous membranes can dry out and crack.

The third symptom worth mentioning is dryness, pallor and laxity of the skinas well as brittle hair.

Absent-mindedness, irritability, and even headaches can also result from inadequate fluid intake throughout the day and are the fourth most important symptom of fluid deficiency.

Acne, plaque on the tongue and bad breath are important signals of a lack of fluid and may indicate an imbalance in the body’s water balance.

Signs of excess water in the body

If a person is prone to excessive obesity, while having high blood pressure and a labile nervous system, and also suffers from profuse sweating, this all suggests that he has signs of excess fluid in the body.

Rapid weight gain, swelling in various parts of the body, and irregularities in the lungs and heart can result from excess fluid in the body.

Factors affecting body water content

The factors that affect the percentage of water in the body are not only gender, age and habitat, but also the constitution of the body. Studies have shown that the water content in the body of a newborn reaches 80%, the body of an adult male contains, on average, 60% of water, and that of a female – 65%. Lifestyle and eating habits can also affect the body’s water content. The body of overweight people contains much more moisture than asthenics and people of normal body weight.

To protect the body from dehydration, doctors recommend consuming salt daily. The daily rate is 5 grams. But this does not mean at all that it should be consumed as a separate dish. It is found in various vegetables, meat, and ready-to-eat meals.

To protect the body from dehydration in difficult environmental conditions, it is necessary to reduce excessive sweating, which disturbs the moisture balance. For this, special forces fighters have the following composition:

Cooking salt (1.5 g) + ascorbic acid (2,5 g) + glucose (5 g) + water (500 ml)

This composition not only prevents moisture loss through sweat, but also keeps the body in its most active phase of life support. Also, this composition is used by travelers, going on long hikes, where the availability of potable water is limited, and the loads are maximum.

Water and health

In order to support your body and prevent excessive moisture loss, you must fulfill the following requirements:

  1. 1 Drink a glass of clean water before each meal;
  2. 2 One and a half to two hours after eating, you must also drink a glass of water (provided that there are no medical contraindications);
  3. 3 Eating dry food can have a negative impact on health, and therefore, as an exception, it is also recommended to drink water with such food.

Slimming water

If you notice that you are having problems with being overweight, follow the advice of nutritionists and drink a glass of warm water every time you “want something tasty.” According to physicians, we often experience “false hunger”, under the guise of which elementary thirst is manifested.

Therefore, the next time you wake up in the middle of the night to visit the refrigerator, it is better to drink a glass of warm water, which will not only relieve you of thirst, but will also help you find your graceful shape in the future. It is believed that the process of losing weight is accelerated if the optimal amount of fluid is consumed per day, calculated according to the formula above.

Purity of water

Sometimes it happens that “drinking” water becomes dangerous to health and even life. This water can contain heavy metals, pesticides, bacteria, viruses and other contaminants. All of them are the cause of the onset of diseases, the treatment of which is very difficult.

Therefore, in order to prevent such pollutants from entering your body, you should take care of the purity of the water. There are a huge number of ways to do this, ranging from water purification with silicon and activated carbon, and up to filters that use ion exchange resins, silver, etc.

This is the end of our story about water. I just want to remind you that water is the source of life and its foundation. And therefore, we need to take care of the correct balance of fluid in the body. And then an improvement in well-being, vivacity and a surge of strength will become our constant companions!

Read more about water:

  • Useful and dangerous properties of sparkling water
  • Still water properties
  • Water, its types and methods of purification

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