Lakes are bodies of water that form in natural depressions on the earth’s surface. Most of them contain fresh water, but there are lakes with salt water. Lakes contain more than 67% of all fresh water on the planet. Many of them are huge and deep. What the deepest lakes in the world? We present to you the ten deepest lakes on our planet.
10 Lake Buenos Aires | 590 m
This reservoir is located in South America, in the Andes, on the border of Argentina and Chile. This lake appeared due to the movement of glaciers, which created the basin of the reservoir. The maximum depth of the lake is 590 meters. The reservoir is located at an altitude of 217 meters above sea level. The lake is famous for its beauty and famous marble caves, which thousands of tourists come to see every year. The lake has the purest water, it is home to a large number of fish.
9. Lake Matano | 590 m
The deepest lake in Indonesia and one of the most important sources of fresh water in the country. The maximum depth of the reservoir is 590 meters, it is located in the southern part of the Indonesian island of Sulawesi. The waters of this lake are crystal clear and are home to hundreds of species of fish, plants and other living creatures. On the shores of the lake there are huge reserves of nickel ore.
The Patea River flows out of Lake Matano and carries its waters to the Pacific Ocean.
8. Crater Lake | 592 m
This is largest lake in the usa. It is of volcanic origin and is located in the national park of the same name, located in the state of Oregon. The maximum depth of Crater is 592 meters, it is located in the crater of an extinct volcano and is distinguished by incredible beauty. The lake is fed by rivers that originate in mountain glaciers, so Crater’s water is amazingly clean and transparent. It has the cleanest water in North America.
Local Indians have composed a large number of myths and legends about the lake, all of them are beautiful and poetic.
7. Great Slave Lake | 614 m
It is located in the northwestern part of Canada and has an area of over 11 square miles. it deepest lake in North America, its maximum depth is 614 meters. The Great Slave Lake is located in the northern latitudes and is ice-bound for almost eight months of the year. In winter, the ice is so strong that heavy trucks can easily cross it.
There is a legend that a strange creature lives in this lake, very reminiscent of a dragon. Many witnesses have seen him, but science has not yet found evidence of the existence of a mysterious creature. In the middle of the last century, gold reserves were found in the vicinity of the lake. The shores of the lake are very picturesque.
6. Lake Issyk-Kul | 704 m
This is an alpine lake, which is located in Kyrgyzstan. The water in this reservoir is salty, its maximum depth is 704 meters, and the average depth of the lake is more than three hundred meters. Thanks to salty water, Issyk-Kul does not freeze even in the most severe winters. Very interesting legends are associated with the lake.
According to archaeologists, several millennia ago, a very advanced ancient civilization was located on the site of the lake. Not a single river flows out of Issyk-Kul.
5. Lake Malava (Nyasa) | 706 m
In fifth place among deepest lakes in the world there is another African body of water. It also formed at the site of a break in the earth’s crust, and has a maximum depth of 706 meters.
This lake is located on the territory of three African countries at once: Malawi, Tanzania and Mozambique. Due to the high temperature of the water, the lake is home to the largest number of fish species on Earth. The fish of Lake Malawi are favorite inhabitants of aquariums. The water in it is crystal clear and attracts a huge number of diving enthusiasts.
4. Lake San Martin | 836 m
Located on the border of two South American countries: Chile and Argentina. Its maximum depth is 836 meters. it the deepest lake not only South but also North America. Many small rivers flow into Lake San Martin, the Pascua River flows out of it, which carries its waters to the Pacific Ocean.
3. Caspian Sea | 1025 m
In third place on our list is the lake, which is called the sea. The Caspian Sea is largest enclosed body of water on our planet. It has salt water and is located between the southern borders of Russia and the northern part of Iran. The maximum depth of the Caspian Sea is 1025 meters. Its waters also wash the shores of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. More than a hundred rivers flow into the Caspian Sea, the largest of which is the Volga.
The natural world of the reservoir is very rich. Very valuable species of fish are found here. A large number of minerals have been explored on the shelf of the Caspian Sea. There is a lot of oil and natural gas here.
2. Lake Tanganyika | 1470 m
This lake is located almost in the center of the African continent and is considered the second deepest lake in the world and the deepest in Africa. It was formed on the site of an ancient fault in the earth’s crust. The maximum depth of the reservoir is 1470 meters. Tanganyika is located on the territory of four African countries at once: Zambia, Burundi, DR Congo and Tanzania.
This body of water is considered longest lake in the world, its length is 670 kilometers. The natural world of the lake is very rich and interesting: there are crocodiles, hippos and a huge number of unique fish. Tanganyika plays a huge role in the economy of all states in whose territory it is located.
1. Lake Baikal | 1642 m
This is the deepest freshwater lake on Earth. It is also one of the largest freshwater reservoirs on our planet. Its maximum depth is 1642 meters. The average depth of the lake is more than seven hundred meters.
Origin of Lake Baikal
Baikal was formed at the site of a break in the earth’s crust (a lot of lakes with great depths have a similar origin).
Baikal is located in the eastern part of Eurasia, not far from the Russian-Mongolian border. This lake ranks second in terms of water volume and contains 20% of all fresh water that is available on our planet.
This lake has a unique ecosystem, there are 1700 species of plants and animals, most of which are endemic. Thousands of tourists come to Baikal every year – this is a real pearl of Siberia. Locals consider Baikal a sacred lake. Shamans from all over East Asia regularly gather here. Numerous myths and legends are associated with Baikal.
+Lake Vostok | 1200 m
Worth mentioning is the unique lake Vostok, which is located in Antarctica, not far from the Russian polar station of the same name. This lake is covered with almost four kilometers of ice, and its estimated depth is 1200 meters. This amazing reservoir was discovered only in 1996 and so far little is known about it.
Scientists believe that the water temperature in Lake Vostok is -3 ° C, but despite this, the water does not freeze due to the enormous pressure exerted by the ice. It still remains a mystery whether there is life in this gloomy under-ice world. Only in 2012, scientists were able to drill through the ice and get to the surface of the lake. These studies can provide a lot of new information about what our planet was like hundreds of thousands of years ago.