Cognac (FR. cognac) is an alcoholic beverage produced in the eponymous town of Cognac (France). It is made from a special type of grapes using special technology.
Cognac is made from white grapes. Major share of them is the cultivar Ugni Blanc. Full maturation of the grapes takes place in the middle of October, so the process to create such a noble beverage begins already in late autumn.
The quality of cognac is determined by two main technological processes of manufacture of juicing and fermentation. The use of sugar at the fermentation stage is strictly prohibited.
The next process is distillation of the wine in two stages and spilling ethyl alcohol in oak barrels at 270-450 liters. The minimum period of aging for cognac is 2 years, maximum is 70 years. In the first year of aging the cognac gets its characteristic Golden-brown color and absorbed tannins. It is aged determines its taste and has a clear classification. So, the marking on the label refers to V. S. exposure up to 2 years old VSOP – 4 years, V. V. S. O. P. – to 5-years old XO – 6 years and more.
All beverages produced by the same technology and same grapes and with similar taste and class quality, but made in any other place in the world, in the international market is not considered a cognac. All these drinks have the status solely of brandy. Otherwise in compliance with the international acts on the producer of this cognac is subject to a fine. The only exception is the company “Shustov”. For the victory in 1900 at the World exhibition brandies in Paris, the company was able to call their drinks “Sognac”.
No alcoholic beverage may not be a cure by mindless consumption. However, small doses of brandy has some therapeutic and prophylactic effects.
A small portion of brandy raises the blood pressure and consequently, reduces headache and General weakness of the body. In addition, in connection with the presence in the composition of cognac biological substances which stimulate the stomach and awaken the appetite, improves the digestive tract. Tea with a teaspoon of cognac can also act as a means to enhance immunity and prevent colds. In the struggle with the beginnings of a cold, you can use cognac with ginger.
The hot drink is used for rinsing, decontamination and treatment of throat angina. Take a brandy with lemon and honey as a febrifuge. And add to this mixture milk provides expectorant action bronchitis, and laryngitis. Brandy before bedtime to relieve insomnia, relieve nervous tension accumulated during the day, and provide a good night’s sleep.
In cosmetology cognac used as a treatment for acne, mixing it with glycerin, water and borax. This mixture wipe the inflamed areas of the skin, and after a few days of such treatment the skin will be much cleaner. To make bleaching facial mask made from 2 tablespoons of the cognac and lemon juice, 100 ml of milk and white cosmetic clay. The resulting mixture is spread evenly on the face for 20-25 minutes, avoiding the eye area and mouth.
To make the hair well-fed and to strengthen them, make a mask of egg yolk, henna, honey and a teaspoon of brandy. Over the mask on the hair puts on a plastic cap and a warm towel. Keep the mask should be within 45 min.
Doctors recommend daily use of no more than 30 grams of cognac.
The harm of cognac and contraindications
Negative properties of brandy much less than advantages.
The main danger of this noble drink is its excessive use, which can be addictive and fairly severe stage of alcoholism.
Cognac is also strictly contraindicated for people suffering from gallstone disease, hypertension, diabetes, and hypotension.
It should also be remembered that the therapeutic and positive effect can only be expected from a cognac of good quality and famous brand and not some surrogate of unknown origin.
Useful and dangerous properties of other beverages: