Central Asian Shepherd: all you need to know about his character


Central Asian Shepherd: all you need to know about his character

If you are looking for a dog breed that has demonstrated its qualities alongside humans for several millennia, look no further than the Central Asian Shepherd Dog. It would be hard to find a dog that has been domesticated any longer, and frankly this one lives up to its reputation. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is one of the oldest dog breeds in the world, with a history stretching back over 5000 years. It is not a man-made breed, but rather a breed that has developed locally based on climate and environment, adapting to the best and the worst.

History of the Central Asian Shepherd

The history of this breed is rich and varied. There is no specific breeder or even region that can be designated as a place of origin. The history of the Central Asian Shepherd Dog is just too rich for that.

The earliest Central Asian sheepdogs are believed to have originated in the Ural, Caspian Sea, Asia Minor and northwestern border regions of China. The former USSR first created the standard for this breed. However, with the end of the Soviet Union, a modern breed standard was created in Russia, which resulted in a modern version of the breed called the Central Asian Ovcharka.

Central Asian Shepherds are an extremely intelligent breed of dogs. As with most ancient breeds, not much is known about the specific pedigree of the Central Asian Shepherd Dog. Some experts believe that the Tibetan Mastiff is an ancestor of this ancient breed. Unfortunately, it is impossible to do anything other than assume the ancestor of such an old dog. There was no real record of the breed’s history 5000 years ago.

A strong character depending on origins: combat or guarding

The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is a large and powerful dog. Its legs are bony and muscular. Its back is broad and powerful. The dog’s head is large and its neck short and powerful, with a large dewlap. Central Asian Shepherd Dogs come in both long and short haired varieties. The most common colors for this breed are white, fawn, black, and brindle.

Although these dogs may look like lazy giants, they are a working breed that requires intense and regular exercise. These dogs were bred to work for long periods of time and they enjoy long and prolonged exercise sessions. They are excellent jogging and hiking partners.

The original characteristic of this breed is that it can encompass a great diversity of profiles. And so the temperament of each dog can vary depending on its lineage. In other words, there are many types of Central Asian Shepherds, although they may look alike. Thousands of years ago, when these dogs first bonded with humans in the Central Asian region, they were used for a variety of purposes ranging from herding to dog fighting. Therefore, three distinct breed types exist today with specific temperaments and instincts based on the purposes for which they were originally bred.

An important point to note here is that dog fighting was an important part of the culture of many areas where these dogs originated. We certainly do not condone dog fighting, but it is undeniably an aspect that cannot be ignored in understanding the particular history of this breed. In ancient times, the shepherds of these areas would occasionally congregate and have their strongest dogs fight each other to determine the strongest. These fights were rarely fatal, and often the weaker and more submissive dogs would retreat before there was any actual physical fight. Lines bred as fighting dogs often have a greater propensity for aggression towards other dogs and need much more experienced handlers. So, it is worth mentioning and keeping in mind if you decide to choose a dog of this breed.

Breed lines that were bred as herders and herders have very different protective instincts. They are therefore extremely protective and devoted to their families. They are also extremely affectionate towards children. However, they should always be supervised around young people as they can accidentally run over or injure toddlers due to their very large size.

No matter what type of breed the Central Asian Shepherd is from, they are not recommended for adopters who will be the first dog. They are dogs that require an experienced hand and a delicate approach to breed on the right. For the experienced owner, they can be amazing companions. But for the owner who will let himself be overtaken, it will be a disaster for the dog as for the man. What group are you in? Ask yourself the question honestly.



Central Asian Shepherds are an extremely intelligent dog breed. The most important step in educating these dogs is to first establish leadership and a strong bond with the dog. This dog needs an owner who can handle him with a firm but loving hand. Once the dog sees his handler as his pack leader, he can be easily educated with the most positive reward-based training methods. 

A hard hand can often turn against humans when training these giants. It’s a delicate balance meant to maintain alpha status while fully focusing on positive training techniques. However, it is a vital balance to find in order to train this breed well. Especially if this is your first time adopting a Central Asian Sheepdog, we highly recommend that you involve a professional dog trainer or enroll in some sort of obedience school to make things a good one. little easier for you and your puppy.


In general, these dogs are very confident and intelligent and are extremely courageous. Without being too aggressive, they do not hesitate to attack if they feel their owner is in serious danger and will protect their owners until death. They are also naturally wary of strangers and quickly alert their owners to any suspicious intrusion. They also have a loud bark and make excellent guard and protection dogs.

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