Bourbon (eng. вourbon) is a traditional American alcoholic beverage. It is one of the types of whiskey. The drink’s strength is about 40-45., but most of the drinks are about 43.
This drink first appeared in the late 18th – early 19th century in the small town of Paris, Kentucky. The beverage gained a name from the eponymous district of the state of the beverage. The first advertisement of Bourbon from that time dates back to 1821. During the civil war, they gave Bourbon to the soldiers without fail, as an antiseptic for washing wounds from rifles’ bullets and bayonets.
In 1920 America adopted the “Dry law,” resulting in the production and sale of alcohol on a large scale ceased. Plants for the production of Bourbon stopped and many farmers lost their main source of income. The revival of the drink occurred with the abolition of prohibition in 1934.
Process of producing Bourbon consists of 3 essential stages:
- Fermentation of the wort. Bourbon, unlike Scotch, is out of corn (51% of the total mass of mash), rye, and oats.
- Distillation of the wort. After the distillation process, the resulting alcohols undergo a process of filtration through charcoal maple wood.
- Spill and infusion. It ages at least two years in freshly charred oak barrels of 50 liters, giving the drink a unique taste and aroma.
By law, Bourbon must not contain any colorings. Amber Golden color, the drink gains only due to the exposure.
The name “Bourbon” can only take whisky from the United States. Specifically the States of Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois, Montana, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Tennessee. The most famous brand of Bourbon is Jim Beam.
Gourmets use this drink in its pure form, diluted with water with ice or in cocktails.
Firstly, Bourbon is a very low-calorie drink, it contains only 55 calories in 50 g, so it can be good for people who are watching their weight.
Secondly, through the use of the Bourbon production technology of large quantities of corn, the drink enriches with vitamins (A, PP, group B) and minerals (phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sodium, iron, etc.). Bourbon contains antioxidants that prevent the penetration into the body of free radicals. A small dose of this drink in its purest form expands blood vessels, lowers blood pressure and the likelihood of cardiovascular attacks and strokes.
Thirdly, Bourbon is good for making medicinal tinctures. Well helps the infusion of hawthorn blood-red on the Bourbon arrhythmia, tachycardia, hypertension, insomnia. To do this, 1 tablespoon of milled flowers and fruits of hawthorn, pour with a glass of the beverage, and infuse for a week. After that, take 30-40 drops before meals 3-4 times a day, depending on health.
Thanks to the useful substances of corn – Bourbon is beneficial for people with disruption of the gastrointestinal tract, constipation, or loose stools. It allows you to remove tension, restore mental balance and improve health.
30 g. of Bourbon every day improves the gallbladder’s functioning, makes bile more liquid, reduces its viscosity, and gives it a healthy yellow color.
In diseases of the throat helps 1 tablespoon of the drink diluted in a glass of warm water. The resulting solution is best to gargle every three hours throughout the day. In the solution, there is enough alcohol for pain relief and antiseptic action. Walnut-infused Bourbon is useful in bronchitis and pneumonia. To prepare the tincture, you need a glass of ground walnuts. Pour 100 ml of Bourbon and keep it for two days. Then add three completely ground lemons (except seed), 300 g of powdered aloe, 100 g butter, and 200 g of honey. The whole mixture thoroughly mixes and takes a tablespoon half an hour before food to dissolve and slowly swallow it, allowing the “drug” to flow down the throat gradually.
To relieve muscle weakness after exercise and to regain strength after surgery will help beet tincture. It is necessary to grate the beets, fill them up to the top of the container, and pour Bourbon. Infuse the mixture to warm for 12 days. Drink 30 ml before a meal.
The harm of Bourbon and contraindications
Firstly, Bourbon’s composition contains many complex compounds such as acetaldehyde, tannins, fusel oil, and furfural. Secondly, their content in Bourbon is 37 times more than in vodka. As a result of excessive consumption of Bourbon can lead to severe alcohol poisoning.
In conclusion, It is not recommended to drink Bourbon during exacerbation of various diseases and women during pregnancy, lactation, and underaged children.