31 weeks pregnant: what happens to the baby, how many months is the norm, baby
Changes in the 31th week of pregnancy
Childbirth is approaching every day. The baby is actively preparing for birth. It is changing significantly compared to last week. The lung tissue is actively maturing. The production of surfactant in the lungs increases, thanks to which he breathes. This substance helps to expand the lungs.
With premature birth, the fetus is guaranteed to survive. With the help of technical means, he will be helped to complete the process of intrauterine formation.
What happens to the belly at week 31?
At this time, the belly reaches a large size. A pregnant woman should not experience pulling and painful sensations. This is a reason to visit a doctor. Abdominal pain associated with a disorder of the digestive system is allowed. It is caused by pressure from the uterus on the digestive organs.
Prolonged pulling pain may be the result of an increased tone of the uterus. To identify the causes of the pathology, a medical examination is required.
If you have regular abdominal pain, do not postpone a visit to a specialist. Sometimes during this period, placental detachment may occur, causing painful sensations. This condition is not always accompanied by bleeding. The outpouring of blood can be carried out inside the body.
If abdominal pain is accompanied by headache, ripples in the eyes and dizziness, it may indicate preeclampsia. This condition poses a threat to health, so it should not be triggered.
The 31st week falls at the end of the 6th month of pregnancy. By this time, the fetus is almost complete. Soon he will be born. There is not much time left for the final formation, so the fetus develops at a rapid pace. Its weight is from 1500 kg. The baby’s height is 41 cm. In size it resembles a pomelo.
By this time, the crumbs have their own daily routine. He sleeps and is awake at certain times of the day. A woman senses at what time his activity and calmness fall.
Changes for the unborn baby
At this time, the baby’s eyes are already well developed. He squints in the bright light. Also knows how to distinguish between darkness. He is able to focus his gaze and blink. Thanks to this, facial expressions become mobile. The corneal reflex begins to appear. Having touched the cornea of the eye, the baby immediately closes it.
The most important systems of the body complete their development. A number of changes are taking place this week:
- New convolutions form in the brain;
- The lung tissue acquires a more perfect structure;
- Nerve cells and endings work in an active mode;
- Tiny marigolds grow on the toes.
Important transformations are carried out in the baby’s liver. It stores the iron needed for blood formation. Bile can already be secreted in it. It cleans the blood of toxic substances. Insulin is produced in the pancreas.
The baby’s position also indicates readiness for childbirth. He is placed head down. This will facilitate the process of its appearance. Sometimes the fetus at this time is still not in the correct position. Then he rolls over for a further time.
The skin is smoothed and takes on a pinkish tint. It actively accumulates subcutaneous tissue. Its layer is still too thin, which is why you can see translucent capillaries.
Due to the large weight of the toddler, there is not much room left in the uterus. His movements become more palpable. This gives the expectant mother uncomfortable and painful sensations. She can feel the fetus hitting her ribs, groin, or back.
Within an hour, the pregnant woman feels about 4 movements. It is necessary to monitor their intensity. If the baby starts pushing too hard, he may be experiencing discomfort or lack of oxygen. Often this reaction is caused by the uncomfortable posture that the woman has taken. Lack of tremors for several hours is cause for concern. In this case, immediate medical advice is required.
Changes for the expectant mother
During this period, a woman feels the hardships of pregnancy to the fullest. It is difficult for her to walk and breathe. It is difficult to find a comfortable position during sleep. Digestive problems often begin. Heartburn, nausea, and bloating are usually the result of poor eating habits. A woman should control her weight and not overeat. Normally, weight gain is 300 g per week. It is required to exclude sweet, spicy and salty foods from the diet.
A pregnant woman at this time should pay attention to her body. She is worried about swelling, fatigue and malaise. Get plenty of rest and avoid overexertion. Simple leg exercises can help relieve swelling. You need to give up tight clothes and shoes. If the puffiness is accompanied by dizziness and ripples in the eyes, you must inform the doctor about this.
When the baby is upside down, it’s time to wear a bandage
At the 31st week, repeat tests are collected. The delivery of vaginal smears is mandatory. By the time of delivery, any microflora disorders must be eliminated. If a woman’s Rh factor is negative, she will have to take more tests.
At the 31st week, it is important to pay special attention to the condition of the pregnant woman, as well as the child. Medical examinations are becoming a necessity.
What happens when you get pregnant with twins?
At this time, it is already difficult for the expectant mother to walk. She is worried about lower back pain. The abdomen can change shape, become hard. This is the norm if the woman does not experience painful sensations. The expectant mother may suffer from heartburn, constipation, seizures, and sleep disturbances.
Children move their arms and legs, often hiccup.
To avoid premature birth, your doctor may recommend less movement or bed rest.