Porcini mushroom

Nutritional value and chemical composition .

The following table lists the contents of nutrients (calories, proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals) in 100 grams of edible portion.
NutrientNumberNorma**% of normal in 100 g% of normal in 100 kcal100% of the norm
Calorie34 kcal1684 kcal2%5.9%4953 g
Proteins3.7 g76 g4.9%14.4%2054 g
Fats1.7 g56 g3%8.8%3294 g
Carbohydrates1.1 g219 g0.5%1.5%19909 g
Dietary fiber3.2 g20 g16%47.1%625 g
Water89.4 g2273 g3.9%11.5%2543 g
Ash0.9 g~
beta Carotene0.2096 mg5 mg4.2%12.4%2385 g
Vitamin B1, thiamine0.04 mg1.5 mg2.7%7.9%3750 g
Vitamin B2, Riboflavin0.3 mg1.8 mg16.7%49.1%600 g
Vitamin B4, choline17.3 mg500 mg3.5%10.3%2890 g
Vitamin B5, Pantothenic2.7 mg5 mg54%158.8%185 g
Vitamin B6, pyridoxine0.07 mg2 mg3.5%10.3%2857 g
Vitamin B9, folates40 mcg400 mcg10%29.4%1000 g
Vitamin B12, cobalamin0.04 mcg3 mg1.3%3.8%7500 g
Vitamin C, ascorbic30 mg90 mg33.3%97.9%300 g
Vitamin D, calciferol0.2 µg10 µg2%5.9%5000 g
Vitamin E, alpha tocopherol, TE0.9 mg15 mg6%17.6%1667 g
Vitamin PP, ne8.5 mg20 mg42.5%125%235 g
Niacin5 mg~
Potassium, K468 mg2500 mg18.7%55%534 g
Calcium, Ca13 mg1000 mg1.3%3.8%7692 g
Magnesium, Mg15 mg400 mg3.8%11.2%2667 g
Sodium, Na6 mg1300 mg0.5%1.5%21667 g
Sulfur, S47 mg1000 mg4.7%13.8%2128 g
Phosphorus, P89 mg800 mg11.1%32.6%899 g
Chlorine, Cl22 mg2300 mg1%2.9%10455 g
Aluminum, Al748 mcg~
Vanadium, V31.3 µg~
Iron, Fe0.5 mg18 mg2.8%8.2%3600 g
Iodine, I2.5 µg150 mcg1.7%5%6000 g
Cobalt, Co6 mcg10 µg60%176.5%167 g
Lithium, Li0.24 mcg~
Manganese, Mn0.23 mg2 mg11.5%33.8%870 g
Copper, Cu318 µg1000 mcg31.8%93.5%314 g
Molybdenum, Mo1.3 µg70 mcg1.9%5.6%5385 g
Nickel, Ni10.3 µg~
Rubidium, Rb26 µg~
Selenium, Se9.3 mcg55 mcg16.9%49.7%591 g
Strontium, Sr6 mcg~
Titanium, Ti21.4 µg~
Fluorine, F60 mcg4000 mg1.5%4.4%6667 g
Chromium, Cr6 mcg50 mcg12%35.3%833 g
Zinc, Zn0.33 mg12 mg2.8%8.2%3636 g
Digestible carbohydrates
Mono and disaccharides (sugars)1.1 gmax 100 g
Essential amino acids0.816 g~
Arginine*0.26 g~
Valine0.078 g~
Histidine*0.22 g~
Isoleucine0.03 g~
Leucine0.12 g~
Lysine0.19 g~
Methionine0.038 g~
Methionine + Cysteine0.07 g~
Threonine0.11 g~
Tryptophan0.21 g~
Phenylalanine0.1 g~
Phenylalanine+Tyrosine0.22 g~
Amino acid
Tyrosine0.12 g~
Cysteine0.029 g~
The Sterol (sterols)
beta Sitosterol2 mg~
Saturated fatty acids
Nasadenie fatty acids0.354 gmax 18.7 g
10:0 Capric0.051 g~
14:0 Myristic0.006 g~
16:0 Palmitic0.14 g~
18:0 Stearic0.009 g~
Monounsaturated fatty acids0.283 gmin 16.8 g1.7%5%
16:1 Palmitoleic0.03 g~
18:1 Oleic (omega-9)0.214 g~
Polyunsaturated fatty acids0.792 gfrom 11.2-20.6 g7.1%20.9%
18:2 Linoleic0.79 g~
18:3 Linolenic0.792 g~
Omega-6 fatty acids0.79 gfrom 4.7 to 16.8 g16.8%49.4%

The energy value is 34 kcal.

White mushroom is rich in such vitamins and minerals as vitamin B2 and 16.7 %, vitamin B5 – 54 %, vitamin C – 33,3 %, vitamin PP and 42.5 %, potassium by 18.7 %, phosphorus was 11.1 %, cobalt – 60 %, manganese – 11,5 %, copper – 31,8 %, selenium 16.9 per cent, chromium – 12 %
  • Vitamin B2 is involved in redox reactions, contributes to the susceptibility of the colors of the visual analyzer and the dark adaptation. Insufficient intake of vitamin B2 is accompanied by a violation of the health of the skin, mucous membranes, impaired light and twilight vision.
  • Vitamin B5 is involved in protein, fat, carbohydrate metabolism, cholesterol metabolism, the synthesis of several hormones, hemoglobin, and promotes the absorption of amino acids and sugars in the gut, supports the function of the adrenal cortex. Lack of Pantothenic acid can lead to skin lesions and mucous membranes.
  • Vitamin C participates in redox reactions, the immune system, helps the body absorb iron. Deficiency leads to looseness and bleeding gums, nasal bleeding due to increased permeability and fragility of blood capillaries.
  • Vitamin PP is involved in redox reactions and energy metabolism. Insufficient intake of vitamin accompanied by a disturbance of the normal condition of the skin, gastrointestinal tract and nervous system.
  • Potassium is the main intracellular ion that participates in the regulation of water, electrolyte and acid balance, is involved in conducting nerve impulses, regulation of blood pressure.
  • Phosphorus is involved in many physiological processes, including energy metabolism, regulates the acid-alkaline balance, is part of the phospholipids, nucleotides and nucleic acids needed for mineralization of bones and teeth. Deficiency leads to anorexia, anemia, rickets.
  • Cobalt is part of vitamin B12. Activates the enzymes in the metabolism of fatty acids and metabolism of folic acid.
  • Manganese is involved in the formation of bone and connective tissue, is part of the enzymes involved in the metabolism of amino acids, carbohydrates, catecholamines; required for synthesis of cholesterol and nucleotides. Insufficient consumption is accompanied by growth retardation, disorders of the reproductive system, increased fragility of the bone, disorders of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism.
  • Copper is part of the enzymes with redox activity and is involved in iron metabolism, stimulates the absorption of proteins and carbohydrates. Involved in the processes of human body tissues with oxygen. The deficiency is manifested by impaired formation of the cardiovascular system and skeletal development of connective tissue dysplasia.
  • Selenium – an essential element of the antioxidant defense system of the human body, has immunomodulatory effects, is involved in the regulation of the action of thyroid hormones. Deficiency leads to the Kashin-Bek disease (osteoarthritis with multiple deformity of the joints, spine, and extremities), disease Kesan (endemic cardiomyopathy), hereditary thrombasthenia.
  • Chromium is involved in the regulation of blood glucose levels, enhancing insulin action. Deficiency leads to a decrease in glucose tolerance.

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      Tags: the caloric value of 34 kcal, the chemical composition, nutritional value, vitamins, minerals than useful White mushroom, calories, nutrients, beneficial properties of White mushroom

      Energy value or calorific value is the amount of energy released in the human body from food during digestion. Energy value of the product is measured in kilo-calories (kcal) or kilo-joules (kJ) per 100 grams. product. Kilocalorie, used to measure the energy value of food, also called the “food calorie”, so if you specify a caloric value in (kilo)calories prefix kilo is often omitted. Extensive tables of energy values for the Russian products you can see .

      Nutritional value — content of carbohydrates, fats and proteins in the product.

      Nutritional value of a food product — a set of properties of a food product, the presence of which to satisfy the physiological needs of a person in the necessary substances and energy.

      Vitamins areorganic substances needed in small quantities in the diet of both human and most vertebrates. Synthesis of vitamins, as a rule, is carried out by plants, not animals. The daily requirement of vitamins is only a few milligrams or micrograms. In contrast to inorganic vitamins are destroyed during heating. Many vitamins are unstable and “lost” during cooking or processing food.

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