Whiskey (from Celt. uisge baugh – water is life) – a strong alcoholic drink (about 40-60) obtained by distillation of malted grains of wheat, barley, and rye.
Scientists could not accurately determine the center origin of the drink for many years. The issue is that whisky origins are two countries – Ireland and part of the UK – Scotland. However, the first records are preserved in the Scottish documents of 1494. It Is a recording of monks performing the first drink.
From the moment of its appearance until the 17th century. Whiskey was produced nationally by virtually every farmer, jeopardizing the production of sufficient bread for the population. Indeed, they used barley in the production of whiskey and bread. As a result, the whiskey producers were taxed heavily. But this government only improved the quality of the drink. After all, small subsidiary producers, unable to withstand the tax burden, receded into the background, thereby giving way to large producers who began to fight for the buyer, improving the drink. So, you can argue that whiskey is over 500 years old.
The technology of whisky production has changed little since the time of occurrence and consists of 5 main stages:
Stage 1: Germination of malt wheat, rye, barley, and corn. As a result, some substances of starch turn into sugar. In the end, they dry the grain.
Step 2: Producers grind dry sprouted grains and fill them with hot water. A small amount of yeast is added to the resulting mixture and left to ferment in special vats for 3-4 days.
Step 3: Fermented mass ерун subject to a double distillation to obtain the alcohol with a strength of about 70-80.
Stage 4: Young alcohol they pour in fresh oak barrels and age for a minimum of three years. Usually, it is best to age the drink for 5-8 years for optimal strength. At the end of the process of aging, a drink has a strength of about 50-60.
Stage 5: Before the bottling of the finished drink, spend it blending – blend of different whiskies for a richer flavor and aroma, and breeding specially purified water, to reduce the strength.
The finished drink can be from pale yellow to deep brown and almost does not contain sugar.
More than a hundred whiskey producers, but the most famous are Jameson, Connemara, Black Velvet, Crown Royal, Auchentoshan, Black & White, Hankey Bannister, Johnnie Walker, Scottish Prince, etc.
Daily use of 30 g. prevents the occurrence of a heart attack. Scots add it everywhere. They add it to almost all drinking: tea, coffee, cola, and juices. Besides, whiskey is widely popular in cosmetics as a basis for making lotions and facial masks. Due to its strength, whiskey is a good antiseptic and has anti-inflammatory action. This is a great product for making different kinds of medicinal tinctures and compresses.
Althaea Officinalis infused with whiskey is an expectorant, enveloping, and anti-inflammatory agent in upper respiratory tract diseases. This medicinal herb (20 g) pour with a whiskey (500 ml) and infuse for 10 days in a dark place. Take 10-15 drops of the tincture 3 times a day.
Diuretic, stimulant, and tonic properties have a tincture of the root of lovage with whiskey. Use 100 g of comminuted root and 300 ml of whiskey. The resulting solution infuses for 15-20 days and uses a tablespoon before each meal.
When blood pressure, cardiovascular diseases, bad digestion, and gastritis, use a tincture of green walnuts and whiskey. For this, 100 g chopped nuts pour with 500 ml of whiskey and insist on the sun in a bottle of dark glass within 2 weeks. Shake the mixture daily. Ready infusion strain and drink a tablespoon before meals 3 times a day. The same infusion will help with bronchitis if you add it to tea with honey.
Tincture of red clover with whiskey is an effective remedy for headaches, atherosclerosis, noise in the ears. For its preparation, use 40 g. of flowers of clover and 600 ml of whiskey. The resulting mixture leave for two weeks. Ready infusion drink before lunch or in the evening before bedtime in a volume of 20 ml. Treatment is best to carry out for three months with breaks between months for 10 days. Re-take a course not earlier than in six months.
Harm and contraindications whiskey
The excessive use of whisky or any other alcoholic drink can lead to severe intoxication of the organism, and prolonged and systematic abuse can lead to alcoholism. The largest load on the kidneys and liver can lead to damage or failure.
It would help if you did not use this drink with mental disorders, pregnant and lactating women, and children.
Useful and dangerous properties of other beverages: