Plum is cultivated commercially in the USA, Europe, Japan and China. There are several varieties of it, which differ in color, size and growth characteristics. As a rule, all varieties of plums bear the same size fruits in large numbers from May to September. So let’s take a look at the main health benefits of plums: One medium plum contains 113 mg of potassium, a mineral that regulates blood pressure. The reddish-bluish pigment in plums, called anthocyanin, may protect against cancer by scavenging the body of harmful free radicals. Dried plums, in other words prunes, are a well-known and proven method of helping the intestines work. Eat prunes as they are, or in a softened state, you can with yogurt or muesli. According to Canadian Nutritionists, plums have a low glycemic index. This means that their consumption may help control blood sugar levels and reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. University of Florida and Oklahoma researchers tested two groups of post-menopausal women for 1 year for bone density. The first group consumed 100 g of prunes daily, while the other was offered 100 g of apples. Both groups also took calcium and vitamin D supplements. According to the study, the prunes group had higher bone mineral density in the spine and forearm. Daily consumption of 3-4 prunes, rich in antioxidants, helps to neutralize cell-damaging free radicals. The presence of such radicals in the body affects the state of memory.