- Useful and dangerous properties of other beverages:
It is a nutritious and vitaminized fluid obtained by pressing fruits, berries, and vegetables. To obtain quality juice, you should use only fresh and ripened fruit. For making fruit extracts they use Apple, cherry, strawberry, strawberry, raspberry, plum, pear. As well as quince, peach, apricot, grape, grapefruit, orange, lemon, lime, Mandarin, passion fruit, papaya, mango, kiwi. Also popular are pomelo, BlackBerry, cranberry, pomegranate, currant, gooseberry, tomatoes, celery, parsley, carrot, beet, radish, cabbage, zucchini, cucumber, peppers, and others.
There is a basic system of classification of kinds of juice:
- freshly squeezed, which is produced immediately before use from fresh ingredients;
- juice – a drink produced in production conditions, temperature-processed, and dispensed in sealed packages;
- restored – a beverage that is made by mixing juice concentrate with water and further enriched with vitamins;
- concentrated drink, which forcibly extracted most of the water to increase the solids content by more than twice;
In addition to classic juice, manufacturers produce additional foods, which include:
- Nectar – this juice is mainly produced from those fruits and berries. For them, the use of technology of direct extraction is not possible because of too many sweets, acid, or viscosity of the fruit. These include cherry, banana, pomegranate, currant, peach, and others. Also in the production of nectars to stabilize the flavor, color, and aroma producers may add natural acidifying agents. As well as sweeteners, flavors, and preservatives. The percentage share of natural fruit puree is 20-50% of the total volume of the drink.
- Juice-containing drink – a drink received as a result of significant dilution fruit purée with water. The mass of dry matter ranges from 5 to 10%. Typically, these drinks are of enough exotic fruits and berries: BlackBerry, mango, cactus, passion fruit, lime, and others.
- Juice – drink made by blending fruit puree with water and sugar. The dry matter is not less than 15% of the total volume of the drink.
Making juices at home
At home, the juice you can obtain using manual or electric juicers. Remember that when cooking bony juices from berries (raspberries, currants, blackberries) it is better to use a manual juicer. Since the electric one quickly clogs and requires frequent cleaning coarse brush.
Juices are good for the preparation of fruit drinks, mousses, and jellies. They are also good for canning. However, you must boil them (no more than one minute) to stop the processes of fermentation and souring. After seaming fruit extract in cans it is best to keep them at room temperature for 2 weeks. During this period, it is possible to identify those cans in which there is an air leak.
Most useful are fresh juices. But you should consume them immediately after preparation. When storing in the fridge there is the process of oxidation and loss of more vitamins. Open canned juices is ok to store in the refrigerator for two days in a tightly closed container. Factory packaged juice in sealed packaging can save their properties from 6 to 12 months, but the manufacturers recommend to store in the refrigerator for 1-2 days.
The juice is a storehouse of vitamins and minerals. By using juices, the body is filled with a concentrated composition of nutrients that you cannot obtain through the traditional use of the fruit. After all, it is quite difficult to eat pounds of fruit in one go. The mucosa of the stomach and intestines rapidly absorb juices and therefore do not require additional energy costs for processing. They enhance digestion, stimulate enzymes that detoxify and stabilize the acid-alkaline balance of blood and lymph.
Every kind of drink has its positive properties and its own set of vitamins. The most popular are:
Orange juice contains vitamins (C, K, a, group b, E), minerals (copper, potassium, phosphorus, iron, calcium, magnesium, selenium, zinc), more than 11 amino acids. This juice has many positive properties. It is best to strengthen the immune system, reduce manifestations of beriberi in the fight against colds. As well as inflammation of the joints, gums, and lungs, atherosclerosis, anemia, elevated temperature, and blood pressure. Doctors recommend drinking the fruit extracts from the oranges not more than 3 times a week, 200 g, otherwise, to neutralize the acid required excessive physical loads.
Grapefruit juice includes vitamins (C, PP, E, K, B1, B2), acids, and minerals (magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, iodine, iron, copper, zinc, manganese, etc.). It has antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic properties. It is good in inflammatory processes of the respiratory, nervous exhaustion, insomnia, high blood pressure, and varicose veins. Caution to consume grapefruit juice when taking medications because of the substance of the fetus can change the effect of drugs on the body.
Plum juice contains vitamins A, PP, potassium, calcium, magnesium. Drink this juice for excretion of excess water, reducing the acidity level of the stomach and cholesterol in the blood, in chronic constipation.
Apple juice one of the healthiest and Allergy-free juice, which is rich in vitamins (group b, C, E, A), minerals (potassium, phosphorus, iron, copper, sodium, magnesium, selenium, sulfur), and organic acids. It is good in atherosclerosis, rheumatism, arthritis, liver and kidney, urinary and gallstones. Substances Apple extract strengthens the hair, nails, teeth, increases hemoglobin, and restores muscle tissue after exercise.
Grape juice contains vitamins (A, C, B1, B2), minerals (potassium, calcium, copper, selenium, iron, phosphorus, magnesium, sulfur), organic acids, and alkaline substances. Consumption of juice stimulates the bone marrow production of red blood cells, increases hemoglobin levels, cleanses the body of toxins, excess cholesterol, speeds up metabolism. Grape juice has a positive effect on the functioning of practically all organs of the body (stomach, heart, intestine, liver, joints, mucous membranes, and skin). It has a slight diuretic and defecations action.
Watermelon juice includes vitamins (C, PP, A, B1, B2, B6, B12), minerals, fiber, and sugar-containing substances. The juice has a strong diuretic effect, dissolves kidney stones and bladder, but acts gently without irritating the organs. Also drink it for anemia after radiation exposure, liver, intestines, gout, and atherosclerosis.
Celery juice contains vitamins (C, b group) and minerals (calcium, phosphorus, potassium). It is recommended to drink for the recuperation of mental and physical stress, excess weight, to improve appetite and digestion.
The composition of pumpkin extract includes vitamins (A, E, B1, B2, B6), minerals (potassium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus), and organic acids. It is best in diabetes, obesity, stones in the bladder and kidneys, cholesterol, gastrointestinal diseases, heart, prostate.
Tomato juice contains vitamins A and C, organic acids (malic, citric, oxalic), minerals (magnesium, potassium, sodium, calcium). It normalizes metabolism, prevents fermentation processes in the intestine, strengthens the heart muscle and blood vessels.
Beet extract is most useful for women during hormonal changes in the body (menstruation, menopause). It is rich in iron, potassium, iodine, magnesium. A positive effect on the circulatory system, stimulating the production of red blood cells, thins the blood, lowers blood pressure and cleans the arteries from fatty plaques. This juice should be drunk with caution, as its excessive consumption may cause nausea and dizziness.
Carrot juice contains vitamins (A, C, D, b, E), minerals (magnesium, potassium, silicon, calcium, iodine). The rich composition of the juice helps in the treatment of many diseases of the cardiovascular, nervous, and immune systems, eyes, kidneys, thyroid, with vitamin deficiency, anemia, polyarthritis. Excessive consumption of carrot juice may lead to a change in color from yellow to orange.
Cabbage juice is rich in vitamins (C, K, D, E, PP, group b, U). Firstly, it is used in the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, spleen, liver, atherosclerosis, colds, and pneumonia. Secondly, due to specific substances, this juice prevents the process of transformation of carbohydrates into fats, so nutritionists recommend drinking it for weight loss.
To improve the taste and increase the nutrients you can combine juices of several fruits, berries, or vegetables.
The dangers and contraindications
Juices with high acid content are contraindicated for people with gastrointestinal diseases that are accompanied by a high level of acidity, as well as in the period of acute gastritis and peptic ulcer disease. Also, excessive acidic drinks can lead to the destruction of tooth enamel.