Useful information about sea trout
A significant part of salmon fish species are distinguished by great plasticity and adaptability to external conditions. From the point of view of most ichthyologists, brown trout and all types of trout, except rainbow (mikizhi), are one species, but in different ecological forms. In this case, it is customary to call brown trout – a migratory form, and various settled ones – trout. This description will consider the marine, migratory form – brown trout. The maximum size of this fish can approach 50 kg. There are several subspecies, which can vary greatly in size and appearance.
Ways to catch trout
Brown trout are caught, like most salmon, on spinning, fly fishing, float fishing rods. Trolling in the sea and lakes.
Catching trout on spinning
It is quite possible to find “specialized” rods and baits for catching brown trout. The basic principles for choosing gear are the same as for other trout. On medium-sized tributaries, light one-handed spinning rods are used. The choice of the “building” of the rod is influenced by the fact that the lure often takes place in the main stream of the river or the fish can be played in a fast current. When choosing a coil, special attention should be paid to the clutch device. Due to difficult fishing conditions, forced hauling is possible. When fishing for brown trout with spinning tackle, on artificial baits, anglers use spinners, spinnerbaits, oscillating lures, silicone lures, wobblers. An important point is the presence of baits that hold well in the desired layer of water. For this, “turntables” with a small petal and a heavy core or medium-sized wobblers with a narrow, pursuing body and a small “minnow” type blade are suitable. It is possible to use sinking wobblers or suspenders.
Catching trout with a float rod
For fishing trout on float rigs, it is preferable to have a light rod of “fast action”. For fishing on small rivers with “running” snaps, large-capacity inertial reels are convenient. It is important to understand the conditions of fishing and prepare gear accordingly. In most cases, traditional rigs will do.
Fly fishing for trout
Brown trout are caught by fly fishing not only in the river, but also during coastal fishing in the sea. The choice of gear may depend not only on the preferences and experience of the angler, but also on the conditions of fishing. It is important to know the possible sizes of the catch. Most often, for catching medium and small trout, one-handed rods of light and medium classes up to the 7th, inclusive, are chosen. But in some cases, they prefer various surf, switch rods and light “spey” rods. The choice of reels when fishing for trout has its own peculiarity. There is a special category of fly fishermen who prefer to fish this strong fish with reels that do not have a braking system. As for the lines, it is worth noting that there are a significant number of products specially designed for this fish. The choice depends, rather, on the conditions of fishing. And because lures for trout, in general, do not differ in large size or weight, fly anglers have a lot of “space for creativity.”
Spinning lures have been discussed above, and as for fly fishing lures, their choice is very wide. Along with other trout, fishing for this fish “sets the fashion in fly fishing”, both on tackle and popular lures. For “dry fly” fishing, baits connected on hooks No. 20 can be used, even despite the large size of the object of fishing, while the fish actively reacts to both “wet flies” and medium-sized streamers. Brown trout bite perfectly on salmon flies. Trout and brown trout react to surface baits, such as “Mouse”. When fishing with float rods, various insects and their larvae are used. The traditional bait is the worm. Before the trip, check the food habits of local fish, they may vary slightly.
Places of fishing and habitat
Brown trout lives in the basins of the rivers of the North Atlantic, the Caspian and Black Seas. In the east, its range ends with the Czech Guba. The fish was actively settled in North and South America, in Australia and dozens of other places where a person planned to fish for it. In rivers, it can stay in different places. General ecological features of behavior in the mainland reservoir are similar to other migratory salmon, but after entering the fresh water of rivers and lakes, unlike most salmon, it actively feeds. Large individuals prefer to stay in depressions of the bottom, near the channel edge or near obstacles. Before spawning, it can accumulate near streams with spring water or near small spawning rivers.
Among the anadromous form of trout – brown trout, females predominate, i.e. For the successful existence of the species, it is necessary that both ecological forms of fish live in the spawning reservoir. For spawning, it can enter both rivers and channel and source lakes, where it mixes with settled forms. The homing of the fish is weak. Fish entering the river can spawn only after a year. Lays eggs in nests in stony-pebble soil. Spawning takes place in October-November. After spawning, the fish goes to feed or stay in the river for a while. It can spawn 4-11 times.