Depending on the form of change in the functional activity and size of the thyroid gland, several types of its disease are distinguished:
- Gipotireoz – a disease in which the level of thyroid hormones decreases. The disease can be asymptomatic, with nonspecific symptoms, or disguised as other diseases. Clinical symptoms: weakness, memory impairment, decreased performance, chilliness, fatigue, rapid weight gain, swelling, dullness and brittle hair, dry skin, menstrual irregularities, early menopause, depression.
- Thyrotoxicosis – a disease characterized by persistent elevated levels of thyroid hormones in the blood, and can lead to an accelerated metabolic process in the body. Symptoms include: irascibility, irritability, increased appetite, weight loss, heart palpitations with irregular rhythm, persistent sweating, sleep disturbances, increased body temperature, “hot flashes”, a feeling of fever.
- Zoobification – a disease characterized by an enlargement of the thyroid gland larger than the permissible size (for women, the size of the thyroid gland is 9-18 ml, for men – 9-25 ml). The enlargement of the gland can be traced in adolescence, in pregnant women, after menopause.
Useful foods for thyroid diseases
It is very important for thyroid disease to use a vegetarian diet, the diet of which should include live plants, roots, fruits, nuts, and vegetable proteins. Such a diet for hypothyroidism ensures the intake of organic iodine in the body, which prevents the occurrence of a lack of oxygen and “fermentation” of the cell, as well as the development of tumors, cysts, nodes, fibroids.
It should be noted that in case of hyperthyroidism (hyperfunction of the thyroid gland), on the contrary, it is necessary to limit the amount of iodine that enters the body.
The list of useful foods for thyroid disease:
- fresh seafood (fish, crabs, shrimps, mussels, lobsters, seaweed – cytosera, fucus, kelp);
- food products with cobalt, manganese, selenium (dry or fresh rose hips, chokeberry, blueberries, gooseberries, raspberries, strawberries, pumpkin, beets, turnips, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, lettuce, dandelion roots and leaves);
- bitter herbal teas (angelica root, wormwood, yarrow, hops (in organic quantities);
- adaptogenic plants (ginseng, zamaniha, rhodiola rosea, evading peony, golden root, eleutherococcus, leuzea, Icelandic moss, naked licorice, orchis) are important to use when changing diet;
- cleaning products (celery, black radish, garlic, parsnip);
- sprouted grains of oats, barley, wheat, beans;
- wild herbs and nuts, which contain copper, iron and blood-purifying substances (walnuts, hazelnuts, Indian nuts, almond kernels, cashews, sesame seeds (sesame), flax, sunflower seeds, poppy seeds, meadowsweet, St. John’s wort, Ivan tea, zyuznik, yellow sweet clover, oregano, chestnut flowers) take in powder form (it is fashionable to grind in a coffee grinder);
- purified (filtered) water, special “protium water”, mineral water “Essentuki”, “Borjomi”;
- honey (up to two tablespoons per day);
- vegetable oil (olive, corn, sunflower, sesame, nut, soy) should not be used in the heat treatment of products;
- ghee (no more than 20 g per day);
- porridge on the water with vegetables, fruits or dried fruits, in the form of jelly;
- baked potatoes in small quantities;
- dried fruit compotes (pour boiling water over dried fruits at night, you can use it in the morning);
- homemade muesli (soak oatmeal for a short time in water or carrot juice, add grated sour apples, carrots, grated seeds or nuts, honey, lemon or orange juice);
- salads from boiled or raw vegetables, vinaigrette, vegetable stews (rutabaga, turnip, zucchini, green peas, eggplant, salad peppers, zucchini, scorzoner, lettuce, Jerusalem artichoke, asparagus, chicory, spinach, boiled corn), for dressing use: green seasonings , leeks, white wine, soy sauce, tomatoes, lemon juice;
- homemade special mayonnaise (lightly dry any kind of nut in a frying pan (all except peanuts), then grind on a coffee grinder, add a little lemon juice, grated garlic, vegetable oil or honey, homemade egg yolk (occasionally), beat with a mixer until sour cream).
Folk remedies for the treatment of thyroid disease
1) with the formation of a goiter:
- a decoction of seed oats (two glasses of grain per liter of boiling water, boil for up to 30 minutes), use one hundred ml three times a day;
- infusion of chamomile pharmacy (one tablespoon per two hundred ml of boiling water, boiled for up to 10 minutes, leave for four hours), take 30 grams after meals;
- infusion-decoction of flowers or red rowan berries (one tablespoon per 200 grams of water, boil for ten minutes, leave for four hours), take half a glass three times a day;
2) in thyrotoxicosis:
- infusion of hawthorn flowers (pour a glass of chopped hawthorn flowers with half a liter of strong vodka or alcohol, leave for a week) take three shots before meals, diluting 1: 5 with water.
3) in hypothyroidism:
- feijoa (in any form, without peel) and wild strawberries;
- three to four drops of iodine in tea twice a day.
Dangerous and harmful foods for thyroid diseases
- animal fats (margarine, artificial fats);
- meat, meat products (especially sausages);
- sugar and products that contain it;
- artificial food (coffee, coca-cola, cocoa, pepsi-cola);
- tap water;
- fried, smoked and canned foods;
- pickled vegetables with salt (cabbage, tomatoes, cucumbers, apples, watermelons);
- milk and dairy products (except for natural unpasteurized fresh sour milk);
- smoked and salted fish;
- scrambled eggs, boiled eggs;
- products from refined flour of the highest quality (buns, rolls, pasta, bread, spaghetti);
- pastries, cakes, cookies;
- stimulating seasonings (vinegar, pepper, adjika, mayonnaise, hot tomatoes);
The administration is not responsible for any attempt to use the information provided, and does not guarantee that it will not harm you personally. The materials cannot be used to prescribe treatment and make a diagnosis. Always consult your specialist doctor!