Chronical bronchitis
The content of the article
  1. general description
    1. Causes
    2. Symptoms
    3. Complications
    4. Prevention
    5. Treatment in mainstream medicine
  2. Healthy foods
    1. ethnoscience
  3. Dangerous and harmful foods
  4. Information sources

General description of the disease

It is a fairly common pathology. Among the diseases of the respiratory system of non-tuberculous nature, chronic bronchitis occupies more than 30%. HB are more susceptible to residents of large industrial cities and smokers.

 

Bronchitis becomes chronic if for at least 3 months the patient is worried about coughing. A prolonged inflammatory process in the bronchi leads to irreversible changes in the tissues of the bronchi. This disease can bother the patient for years, it is extremely difficult to completely cure the chronic form. At the same time, patients often do not even suspect that they have a chronic form of bronchitis and do not go to the doctor in time.

Bronchitis of chronic etiology can be of two types:

 
  1. 1 primary – an independent pathology in which a diffuse lesion of the bronchial tree occurs;
  2. 2 secondary – is a companion of other diseases of both pulmonary and non-pulmonary nature.

The causes of chronic bronchitis

Chronic bronchitis can be triggered by such factors:

  • chemical compounds: smoke, gasoline, alkali or acid vapors;
  • infectious and viral diseases, fungi, some types of bacteria;
  • physical: cold, hot or too dry air.

There are also a number of predisposing reasons that can be the cause of the development of chronic bronchitis:

  • frequent colds accompanied by cough;
  • excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages;
  • smoking, including passive smoking;
  • polluted atmosphere;
  • pathology of the structure of the respiratory system;
  • prolonged stay in a humid and cold environment;
  • polyps in the nose, frequent pharyngitis, sinusitis;
  • hypothermia;
  • heart failure;
  • allergic reactions.

Chronic bronchitis symptoms

Bronchial mucus of a healthy person is a mixture of 95% water and 5% secretion. The mucus in the bronchi protects them from bacteria and infections. With the development of the inflammatory process, the cellular composition of the contents of the bronchi changes, the secret becomes more viscous and sputum is difficult to cough up.

Non-obstructive chronic bronchitis always accompanied by a cough, aggravated in the off-season or after suffering colds. It is characterized by attacks of morning cough with insignificant sputum secretion. Throughout the day, the patient’s cough appears periodically, dry wheezing is characteristic when listening. When leaving a warm room into cold air, the patient is worried about shortness of breath. During the period of remission of the patient with non-obstructive chronic bronchitis, only the morning cough worries.

RџSЂRё chronic obstructive bronchitis characterized by cough with mucous sputum, shortness of breath, general weakness, night sweats. Experienced smokers often suffer from chronic bronchitis.

 

Chronic bronchitis develops gradually, it begins with a morning cough, which over time begins to bother day and night, on the street it usually intensifies. Characterized by the separation of transparent mucous sputum, which during the period of exacerbation becomes yellowish with an unpleasant odor due to the content of pus in it. The patient begins to be bothered by shortness of breath not only during walking and physical activity, but also during rest. The temperature rises slightly, attacks of a debilitating cough are accompanied by bronchospasm, the patient’s breathing becomes whistling, an asthmatic component and pain in the chest area may appear.

Complications of chronic bronchitis

The presented pathology can be complicated by pneumonia, bronchiectasis – dilation of the bronchi, hemoptysis – the appearance of blood streaks in the sputum. With inadequate therapy, patients with chronic bronchitis may develop bronchiolitis – inflammation of the bronchioles, which is accompanied by respiratory failure.

Launched chronic bronchitis can be complicated by cyanosis – blue discoloration of the skin.

 

Prevention of chronic bronchitis

The prevention of this disease consists in the prevention and timely treatment of colds and viral diseases. These include:

  1. 1 regular flu vaccinations;
  2. 2 complete smoking cessation[4];
  3. 3 hardening;
  4. 4 drug prevention during the epidemic of colds;
  5. 5 maintaining clean air at work and at home;
  6. 6 strengthening of immunity[3], vitamin trepia;
  7. 7 regular walks in the fresh air;
  8. 8 moderate exercise;
  9. 9 treatment of pathologies of the nasopharynx;
  10. 10 visiting salt caves;
  11. 11 compliance with hygiene rules.

Treatment of chronic bronchitis in mainstream medicine

With chronic bronchitis, you should completely quit smoking. Patients should consume a sufficient amount of liquid to dilute sputum, it is necessary to regularly ventilate the room.

The medical treatment of chronic bronchitis does not require the use of complex drugs or procedures. Drug therapy includes:

 
  • antiviral agents – if an exacerbation of chronic bronchitis is provoked by ARVI or influenza[3];
  • antibiotics if chronic bronchitis is caused by a bacterial infection or if there is purulent content in the sputum;
  • mucolytic and expectorant drugs are used to dilute sputum and to stimulate expectoration;
  • drugs with paracetamol are used when the body temperature rises above 38 degrees;
  • with severe bronchospasm, bronchodilators are used.

In the treatment of chronic bronchitis, physiotherapeutic procedures are shown:

  1. 1 inhalation with solutions of soda or sea salt, essential oils of eucalyptus, tea tree, rosemary, expectorant medicines. Contraindications to inhalation are high body temperature and tachycardia;
  2. 2 breathing exercises – is a set of exercises aimed at increasing the reserves of the respiratory system;
  3. 3 massage back and chest to improve sputum separation;
  4. 4 halotherapy – visiting salt mines, rooms or caves;
  5. 5 electrophoresis, UHF;
  6. 6 Spa treatment.

Useful foods for chronic bronchitis

Nutrition is important when treating chronic bronchitis. Food should be taken in small portions 5-6 times a day. The diet should have a predominance of protein foods, since during a cough, along with sputum, the patient loses a lot of protein. You also need a sufficient amount of carbohydrates, fats and vitamins. Therefore, a complete diet of the patient should include:

  • brown rice and whole grain cereals;
  • bakery foods, bagels, buns;
  • seasonal berries and fruits, citrus fruits and apples in winter;
  • carrots, lentils, beans and peas;
  • fresh onion helps to liquefy phlegm;
  • fatty fish and cod liver;
  • fat-free lactic acid foods;
  • first courses in chicken broth;
  • honey, which improves the functioning of the respiratory system;
  • all varieties of cabbage;
  • pine nuts, almonds;
  • green leafy vegetables;
  • pumpkin.

Folk remedies for the treatment of chronic bronchitis

  1. 1 bananas are rich in starch, so mashed 2 bananas, add 50 mi boiling water, 1 tsp. sugar, stir and eat;
  2. 2 250 g of anise seeds pour 800 ml and boil for 3 minutes, add 1 tsp. honey and 1 tsp. eucalyptus oil. Take a mixture of 1 tbsp. spoon every 2-3 hours [1];
  3. 3 a mixture of fresh plantain leaves and honey, taken in equal proportions, has good expectorant properties;
  4. 4 make dandelion flower syrup in summer. To do this, take 400 dandelion flowers, pour 1,8 liters of water and 1 kg of sugar, bring to a boil and let stand. Add syrup to tea, 2-3 tablespoons;
  5. 5 mix the chopped horseradish root with honey in a ratio of 4: 5, take 1 tsp. after eating;
  6. 6 Grind 1.5 kg of black radish and squeeze the juice through cheesecloth or a clean dry cloth, add 2 cups of honey to the juice. The resulting mixture should be consumed before going to bed in 2 tablespoons.[2];
  7. 7 melt the lard, add 1 dessert spoon to a glass of hot milk and drink throughout the day. The same fat can be used to rub the patient’s chest and back;
  8. 8 peel 4 leaves of aloe, pour 12 liters of red wine, leave for 4-5 days in a dark place, drink 1 tablespoon 3 times a day;
  9. 9 daily on an empty stomach, drink 1 glass of warm water with the addition of 12 tsp. soda and salt;
  10. 10 brew dried cherry branches and drink during the day as tea;
  11. 11 steam inhalation based on crushed leaves or eucalyptus oil;
  12. 12 in days of exacerbation, drink as tea a decoction of rose hips, black mountain ash and raspberries;
  13. 13 make compresses of grated horseradish on the chest area; in order to avoid skin burns, children need to apply it on gauze;
  14. 14 drink as much tea with raspberries or ginger as possible.

Dangerous and harmful foods for chronic bronchitis

During the treatment of chronic bronchitis, the following foods should be minimized:

 
  • sugar – as it creates a favorable environment for the development of the inflammatory process in the bronchi;
  • salt – contains Na ions, which impair bronchial permeability;
  • foods containing allergens: chocolate, cocoa, strong tea and coffee, strong broths based on meat and fish;
  • simple carbohydrates: sugar, baked goods, potatoes, sweets, jam.
Information sources
  1. Herbalist: golden recipes for traditional medicine / Comp. A. Markov. – M .: Eksmo; Forum, 2007 .– 928 p.
  2. Popov A.P. Herbal textbook. Treatment with medicinal herbs. – LLC “U-Factoria”. Yekaterinburg: 1999.— 560 p., Ill.
  3. What is immunotherapy? a source
  4. Chronic bronchitis, source
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The administration is not responsible for any attempt to use the information provided, and does not guarantee that it will not harm you personally. The materials cannot be used to prescribe treatment and make a diagnosis. Always consult your specialist doctor!

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