Nutritional value and chemical composition.
|Nutrient||Quantity||Norm**||% of the norm in 100 g||% of the norm in 100 kcal||100% normal|
|Calorie value||363 kCal||1684 kCal||21.6%||6%||464 g|
|Proteins||17.4 g||76 g||22.9%||6.3%||437 g|
|Fats||32.4 g||56 g||57.9%||16%||173 g|
|Water||47.1 g||2273 g||2.1%||0.6%||4826 g|
|Vitamin A, RE||30 μg||900 μg||3.3%||0.9%||3000 g|
|Vitamin B1, thiamine||0.03 mg||1.5 mg||2%||0.6%||5000 g|
|Vitamin B2, riboflavin||0.1 mg||1.8 mg||5.6%||1.5%||1800 g|
|Vitamin B5, pantothenic||0.2 mg||5 mg||4%||1.1%||2500 g|
|Vitamin B6, pyridoxine||0.13 mg||2 mg||6.5%||1.8%||1538 g|
|Vitamin B9, folate||15.5 μg||400 μg||3.9%||1.1%||2581 g|
|Vitamin C, ascorbic||1.5 mg||90 mg||1.7%||0.5%||6000 g|
|Vitamin D, calciferol||20.5 μg||10 μg||205%||56.5%||49 g|
|Vitamin E, alpha tocopherol, TE||8.8 mg||15 mg||58.7%||16.2%||170 g|
|Vitamin PP, NE||5.3 mg||20 mg||26.5%||7.3%||377 g|
|Potassium, K||350 mg||2500 mg||14%||3.9%||714 g|
|Calcium, Ca||300 mg||1000 mg||30%||8.3%||333 g|
|Magnesium, Mg||55 mg||400 mg||13.8%||3.8%||727 g|
|Sodium, Na||635 mg||1300 mg||48.8%||13.4%||205 g|
|Sulfur, S||174 mg||1000 mg||17.4%||4.8%||575 g|
|Phosphorus, P||350 mg||800 mg||43.8%||12.1%||229 g|
|Chlorine, Cl||1313 mg||2300 mg||57.1%||15.7%||175 g|
|Iron, Fe||2 mg||18 mg||11.1%||3.1%||900 g|
|Cobalt, Co||60 μg||10 μg||600%||165.3%||17 g|
|Manganese, Mn||0.2 mg||2 mg||10%||2.8%||1000 g|
|Copper, Cu||160 μg||1000 μg||16%||4.4%||625 g|
|Molybdenum, Mo.||12 μg||70 μg||17.1%||4.7%||583 g|
|Nickel, Ni||14 μg||~|
|Cholesterol||72 mg||max 300 mg|
|Saturated fatty acids|
|Saturated fatty acids||6.3 g||max 18.7 г|
The energy value is 363 kcal.
- Vitamin D maintains homeostasis of calcium and phosphorus, carries out the processes of bone mineralization. Lack of vitamin D leads to impaired metabolism of calcium and phosphorus in bones, increased demineralization of bone tissue, which leads to an increased risk of osteoporosis.
- Vitamin E possesses antioxidant properties, is necessary for the functioning of the gonads, heart muscle, is a universal stabilizer of cell membranes. With a deficiency of vitamin E, hemolysis of erythrocytes and neurological disorders are observed.
- Vitamin PP participates in redox reactions of energy metabolism. Insufficient vitamin intake is accompanied by disruption of the normal state of the skin, gastrointestinal tract and nervous system.
- potassium is the main intracellular ion that takes part in the regulation of water, acid and electrolyte balance, participates in the processes of nerve impulses, pressure regulation.
- Calcium is the main component of our bones, acts as a regulator of the nervous system, participates in muscle contraction. Calcium deficiency leads to demineralization of the spine, pelvic bones and lower extremities, increases the risk of osteoporosis.
- Magnesium participates in energy metabolism, synthesis of proteins, nucleic acids, has a stabilizing effect on membranes, is necessary to maintain homeostasis of calcium, potassium and sodium. Lack of magnesium leads to hypomagnesemia, an increased risk of developing hypertension, heart disease.
- Phosphorus takes part in many physiological processes, including energy metabolism, regulates acid-base balance, is a part of phospholipids, nucleotides and nucleic acids, is necessary for the mineralization of bones and teeth. Deficiency leads to anorexia, anemia, rickets.
- Chlorine necessary for the formation and secretion of hydrochloric acid in the body.
- Iron is a part of proteins of various functions, including enzymes. Participates in the transport of electrons, oxygen, ensures the course of redox reactions and activation of peroxidation. Insufficient consumption leads to hypochromic anemia, myoglobin-deficient atony of skeletal muscles, increased fatigue, myocardiopathy, atrophic gastritis.
- Cobalt is part of vitamin B12. Activates enzymes of fatty acid metabolism and folic acid metabolism.
- Copper is a part of enzymes with redox activity and involved in iron metabolism, stimulates the absorption of proteins and carbohydrates. Participates in the processes of providing the tissues of the human body with oxygen. The deficiency is manifested by disorders in the formation of the cardiovascular system and skeleton, the development of connective tissue dysplasia.
- Molybdenum is a cofactor of many enzymes that provide the metabolism of sulfur-containing amino acids, purines and pyrimidines.
Energy value, or calorie content Is the amount of energy released in the human body from food during digestion. The energy value of a product is measured in kilo-calories (kcal) or kilo-joules (kJ) per 100 grams. product. The kilocalorie used to measure the energy value of food is also called the “food calorie,” so the kilo prefix is often omitted when specifying calories in (kilo) calories. You can see detailed energy tables for Russian foods.
The nutritional value – the content of carbohydrates, fats and proteins in the product.
Nutritional value of a food product – a set of properties of a food product, in the presence of which the physiological needs of a person for the necessary substances and energy are satisfied.
Vitamins, organic substances required in small quantities in the diet of both humans and most vertebrates. Vitamins are usually synthesized by plants rather than animals. The daily human need for vitamins is only a few milligrams or micrograms. Unlike inorganic substances, vitamins are destroyed by strong heating. Many vitamins are unstable and “lost” during cooking or food processing.