We speak of force in a general way. However, from the perspective of their study, there are different types: maximum force, explosive force, strength speed and strength resistance. In the case of maximum force, it is defined as the ability of our neuromuscular system to apply the greatest force in a voluntary action. Physics states that force can deform a body or change its state of motion or rest. It is linked to the ability to hold a weight, move something or resist a push. In this sense, maximum strength training is characterized precisely by moving loads close to 100%, that is, the largest weight that a person can move in a single movement.
As you approach the athlete’s capacity limit, the breaks must be complete in order to be able to move the loads. For the development of maximum strength it is advisable not to be at the initiation level nor is it recommended for older people. Likewise, it is important for athletes to take into account that at what moment maximum force is worked since doing it at an incorrect stage can cause performance problems and injuries. This ability requires good physical condition as well as an excellent command of movement technique.
- Muscle hypertrophy is achieved, that is, an increase in muscle size.
- Achieve neuronal involvement, essential to generate more tension.
- Better sports performances are achieved.
- Higher caloric burnout.
- Injury prevention.
- It gives stability to the body.
- The main risk of maximal strength training is the absence of supervision. It is very important to work the weights of each person individually and adapted to the athlete.
- In addition, training must be adapted at the right time to promote general performance and requires prior physical fitness.
It is common to work in bodybuilding for its results of hypertrophy but it is also highly recommended for all disciplines as it is an essential element for good physical condition and for improving endurance and explosive power. In this sense, it should be noted that a bigger muscle is not necessarily the strongest since it does not depend on the size but on the neuronal activity. Responsible for activating the contraction function of a muscle, for controlling time and intensity is the central nervous system.
Therefore, the goal of maximum strength training is to create a solid foundation by activating type II or fast-twitch muscle fibers. In fact, all strength training and sports have to be worked from the base of adequately adapting the maximum strength of the athlete.