Canadian winter-hardy roses: photo with names, reviews of gardeners

Contents

The best varieties of Canadian roses are suitable for growing in almost any region. They perfectly tolerate frosts down to -40 ° C, and practically do not require shelter for the winter. The variety appeared in the last century in Canada, from where it got its name.

Canadian winter-hardy roses: photo with names, reviews of gardeners

Canadian roses are common in cold regions

What are Canadian roses

Canadian roses are a variety of crop that is considered the best for growing in harsh weather and harsh climates, with constantly changing temperatures and severely frosty winters. These include different types with a wide range.

An overview of Canadian roses, as well as their features, characteristics and description of the best varieties are presented below.

Characteristics and features of Canadian roses

Canadians are a perennial ornamental shrub obtained as a result of complex hybridization. Its height, depending on the type and variety, can be from half a meter to three. The plant is classified as re-flowering, usually the budding period starts in June and ends only in October. The flowers are refined, can be both simple and semi-double, the best varieties are distinguished by densely double inflorescences.

Petals, depending on the species, are present in the amount of 5-50 pieces, the size of the buds is up to 13 cm in diameter. Their color is varied, most often there are white, pink, orange, red and raspberry specimens.

The main feature of Canadian roses is endurance. The culture is immune to diseases, frosts, adapts to arid climate, it is not afraid of wind and rain. Even if the shoots of the plant freeze in winter, they quickly recover with the advent of spring. And this variety is easy to propagate on its own, for which they resort to the method of cuttings.

Warning! In regions with very severe winters, it is advisable to cover young bushes of Canadian roses.
Canadian winter-hardy roses: photo with names, reviews of gardeners

The variety is not registered in the State Register of Our Country

Advantages and disadvantages

Roses of Canadian selection, the varieties and photos of which are presented below, have an extensive list of positive qualities and practically have no disadvantages.

Canadian winter-hardy roses: photo with names, reviews of gardeners

Canadians are in the highest demand in the Urals and Siberia

Advantages:

  • excellent frost resistance;
  • quick recovery after winter;
  • long flowering;
  • graceful look;
  • variety of varieties of different shades;
  • strong immunity to common diseases;
  • immunity to the vagaries of the weather;
  • easy propagation by cuttings;
  • good survival;
  • flowering even in the shade;
  • large size of buds;
  • few spikes.

Disadvantages:

  • demanding pruning;
  • the need for hilling during cultivation in the northern regions.

Types of Canadian roses

Canadian roses impress flower growers with a variety of varieties, which are divided into two series: Parkland and Explorer, as well as four main types: rugosa hybrids, climbing, park and modern.

Comment! There is also a ground cover species, which is small in size (up to 15 cm high).

Explorer Series

Explorer (Explorer) – a series of climbing shrubs with dense branches, decorated with fragrant buds. Its best varieties are named after the discoverers of the Canadian rose.

Canadian winter-hardy roses: photo with names, reviews of gardeners

The first varieties of Explorer were bred in Ottawa

Parkland series

Parkland (Parkland) – a series of park roses with sophisticated buds of exquisite shape. The best varieties are presented in a varied color palette, but completely devoid of aroma.

Canadian winter-hardy roses: photo with names, reviews of gardeners

There are no climbing varieties in the Parkland series

Varieties of Canadian roses with photos and names

Since there are hundreds of varieties of culture, it sometimes becomes very difficult to choose the best of them. First of all, preference should be given to one or another variety, starting from the climate of the growing region. For example, the best varieties of Canadian roses for the Leningrad region or the Moscow region are any of the frost-resistant and unpretentious.

rugosa hybrids

Canadians obtained from wrinkled roses are characterized by the beautiful shape of the bush and the abundance of leaf plates in its lower part. These roses will be an excellent solution for creating a hedge or border, they will look original in flower beds or as a background in a mixborder.

The best varieties are:

  1. Henry Hudson. A variety up to 100 cm high. It is distinguished by semi-double medium-sized white-pink buds that abundantly cover the entire bush.
    Canadian winter-hardy roses: photo with names, reviews of gardeners

    Henry Hudson is often used to create curtains or hedges.

  2. Martin Frobisher. Spreading Canadian rose up to 170 cm high. It is distinguished by upright shoots, which are literally strewn with medium-sized light pink flowers.
    Canadian winter-hardy roses: photo with names, reviews of gardeners

    Martin Frobisher – the first grade of the Explorer series

Climbing

Canadian roses of the climbing variety are sprawling bushes with shoots 2 meters or more long. They were obtained through breeding with the participation of hybrids of Kordes roses (Kordesii).

Attention! Climbing varieties require annual removal of old shoots.

The most effective are:

  1. John Davis A variety with pink-red flowers that cover the bush abundantly and emit a fruity aroma with spicy notes. If the season is warm, then the rose blooms early. The duration of its budding lasts up to six months.
    Canadian winter-hardy roses: photo with names, reviews of gardeners

    John Davis is commonly grown as a scrub

  2. Quadra (Quadra). A variety of red Canadian roses up to 180 cm high. It is characterized by long flowering. Two to four flowers are tied on each brush.
    Canadian winter-hardy roses: photo with names, reviews of gardeners

    Rose buds Quadra medium size, densely doubled

  3. Felix Leclerc Rose. Tall variety with shoots up to 3 m. Flowering varieties of bright pink color. Frost resistance down to -30 °С.
    Canadian winter-hardy roses: photo with names, reviews of gardeners

    Felix Leklkrk Rose Doesn’t Need Stimulant Pruning

  4. Champlain. A very hardy variety, characterized by semi-double red buds with numerous yellow stamens in the central part, which cover the bush until frost. In one brush, there are up to seven flowers.
    Canadian winter-hardy roses: photo with names, reviews of gardeners

    Champlain has an external resemblance to the floribunda rose

Park Canadian Roses

Park varieties are distinguished by the largest variety of varieties. They are highly durable and have earned the love of many gardeners.

Most valued:

  1. William Baffin. A variety resistant to many diseases with rose buds with a fruity aroma. At the same time, about two dozen flowers bloom on one bush.
    Canadian winter-hardy roses: photo with names, reviews of gardeners

    Powerful shoots of William Baffin can stretch up to 300 cm

  2. John Cabot. A hardy variety with pale pink buds on large bushes. The first flowering period occurs at the beginning of summer, the second in autumn.
    Canadian winter-hardy roses: photo with names, reviews of gardeners

    John Cabot requires minimal maintenance

  3. Lac Majeau. A variety with snow-white buds, in place of which, after flowering, small berries are formed. The height of the bush is an average of one and a half meters.
    Canadian winter-hardy roses: photo with names, reviews of gardeners

    Lac Majeu bears a strong resemblance to wild rose

Modern selection

Canadian roses of modern breeding were obtained on the basis of those that grow in areas of Alaska. These are compact species resembling hybrid tea varieties and floribundas.

Comment! The group includes scrubs that can grow as climbing specimens.

The best modern varieties can be called:

  1. Adelaide Hoodless. Spreading bush about a meter high, blooming throughout the summer. The flowers are bright, collected in lush inflorescences.
    Canadian winter-hardy roses: photo with names, reviews of gardeners

    Often Adelaide Hoodless shoots require support

  2. Prairie Joy. An elegant variety that blooms from spring to late autumn. This variety of pink Canadian rose grows to a height of 150 cm.
    Canadian winter-hardy roses: photo with names, reviews of gardeners

    Prairie Joy buds look like peonies from afar

  3. Morden Sunrise. A variety of yellow-orange color with beautiful glossy leaves. The bushes are compact, with a maximum height of one and a half meters.
    Canadian winter-hardy roses: photo with names, reviews of gardeners

    Morden Sunrise buds are small

Canadian roses in landscape design

The best varieties of culture are often used to create landscape designs. There are several options for its use, and in each it looks great. Tall park varieties are great for creating hedges. Such a fence looks especially beautiful against the backdrop of green shrubs. It will bloom for a long time, from the first summer days until mid-autumn.

If we talk about climbing roses, then with their help you can decorate gazebos, unsightly buildings, various designs. The arches braided by them look very beautiful. The plant can be used to create borders. The best varieties for this purpose are miniature, in one color palette.

In addition, Canadians look very impressive in flower beds and flower beds made in any style. There you can play with a variety of varieties and shades, but it is better if these are not very high varieties.

Canadian winter-hardy roses: photo with names, reviews of gardeners

Canadian roses with large flowers are suitable for creating sculptural compositions in the garden

Conclusion

The best varieties of Canadian roses are highly valued by specialists and flower growers for their many advantages. They do not require special care, bloom throughout the warm season and are not at all afraid of frost. The varieties are presented in a wide variety and each of them is charming in its own way.

Reviews about varieties of Canadian roses

Tselishcheva Ekaterina, Tyumen
I have been growing Canadian roses for several years and am absolutely delighted with them. These are really unreal varieties that are not really afraid of cold winters. With the advent of frost, I just sprinkle them a little with peat and snow on top, they winter great.
Melnikova Ludmila, Ufa
I have been looking for such varieties of roses for a long time so that they do not freeze after winter. I opted for Canadian varieties. Finally, thanks to them, I stopped suffering and getting upset about the constantly ruined bushes.
Demina Zhanara, Stavropol
I like Canadian roses for their unpretentiousness. These are varieties that almost do not need to be monitored and cared for. They have good immunity, nice flowering, if desired, they can be propagated independently. I have been growing for seven years and have never had any problems.
The best varieties of Canadian roses

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