Stomach Pain: Causes, Treatments, Prevention


Stomach Pain: Causes, Treatments, Prevention

Stomach pain, or stomach pain, is a common symptom that shows up in the upper abdomen, above the navel. Although it is usually mild, this abdominal pain can sometimes be a sign of illness.

Stomach ache, how to recognize them?

What is stomach pain?

Stomach pain, or stomach pain, is considered a abdominal pain. Very common, abdominal pain can come from the stomach but also from other organs of the digestive system, the genital system, the cardiovascular system and the renal system.

How to spot stomach pain?

With stomach pain, it is sometimes difficult to distinguish an upset stomach. Stomach pain is characterized by pain in the epigastrium, that is, a pain in the upper abdomen. However, other organs, including the large intestine and pancreas, are also present in the epigastric region, making the diagnosis of stomach pain difficult.

What are the different stomach ailments?

Stomach upset can manifest itself in different ways. Stomach pain can especially present in the form of:

  • stomach cramps, or abdominal cramps;
  • stomach spasms, or gastric spasms;
  • heartburn, or heartburn;
  • nausea ;
  • stomach bloating, or abdominal bloating.

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Stomach ache, what causes the pain?

Stomach Pain, Is It A Digestive Disorder?

Stomach upset is often due to digestive problems. Among these, we often distinguish:

  • The functional digestive disorders : Also called functional dyspepsia, these disorders are characterized by the absence of lesions in the digestive system. They are mainly caused by poor digestion. This is for example the case with abdominal bloating.
  • Non-functional digestive disorders: They affect the lining of the digestive system. This is particularly the case during gastroesophageal reflux disease, more commonly known as acid reflux or heartburn. Reflux of acidic contents from the stomach to the esophagus leads to inflammation with the onset of a burning sensation.

Stomach pain, is it stomach disease?

In some cases, stomach pain can be a sign of a disease affecting the stomach. This essential organ of the digestive system can in particular be affected by:

  • A gastroenteritis : It corresponds to an inflammation of the digestive system of infectious origin. The germ responsible for this infection can be a virus or a bacteria. The development of these pathogens leads to an inflammatory reaction which can manifest as upset stomach, vomiting and diarrhea.
  • A gastritis : It designates an inflammation that occurs in the lining of the stomach. Gastritis usually manifests as heartburn.
  • Un gastric ulcer : It is due to a deep injury to the stomach. A stomach ulcer results in severe pain in the stomach.
  • Un stomach cancer : A malignant tumor can develop in the stomach. This tumor manifests itself with various symptoms including nausea and heartburn.

Stomach pain, what is the risk of complications?

In the majority of cases, stomach aches are mild, that is to say without danger to health. Of low or medium intensity, these pains are transient and subside in a few hours.

However, stomach pain can sometimes be more serious. Certain signs may alert and require medical advice. This is particularly the case when:

  • sharp stomach pains ;
  • persistent stomach pain ;
  • frequent stomach pain ;
  • stomach pain associated with other symptoms such as vomiting, severe headache, or general fatigue.

Medical examinations are necessary to remove any doubt about any risk of health complications.

Stomach pain, how to treat or prevent it?

Who to consult in case of stomach pain?

Physical examination. If the intensity, duration and frequency of stomach pain increase, it is strongly recommended to contact a general practitioner. A clinical examination makes it possible to make a first diagnosis.

Additional tests. Depending on the diagnosis of the general practitioner, he may request in-depth medical examinations and additional medical advice. A consultation with a gastroenterologist may then be recommended.


How to treat stomach pain?

Different treatments exist to relieve and eliminate stomach pain. The appropriate treatment depends on the type of pain and the origin identified. For more information, see the fact sheets on the different causes of stomach pain.

Medical treatment

A healthcare professional can prescribe certain medications such as:

  • antispasmodics during stomach cramps or spasms;
  • pain relievers, or pain relievers, in case of sharp pain in the stomach;
  • anti-secretories during heartburn;
  • antihistamines to reduce gastric acidity;
  • proton pump inhibitors to inhibit acid production;
  • antibiotics in case of infection.

Complementary approaches

Stomach pain can also be relieved with herbal medicine, homeopathy or aromatherapy.

Stomach surgery


In the most severe cases, surgery on the stomach may be necessary.

How to prevent stomach pain?

Certain precautionary measures can prevent the occurrence of stomach pain:

  • Adopt a healthy and balanced diet;
  • Avoid the consumption of acidic or irritating foods;
  • Limit meals that are too large, too fatty, too sweet or too spicy;
  • Eat slowly, taking the time to chew food
  • Limit stressors;
  • Adopt a healthy lifestyle.

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