Mushrooms grown under ultraviolet light

Nutritional value and chemical composition .

The following table lists the contents of nutrients (calories, proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals) in 100 grams of edible portion.
NutrientNumberNorma**% of normal in 100 g% of normal in 100 kcal100% of the norm
Calorie22 kcal1684 kcal1.3%5.9%7655 g
Proteins2.5 g76 g3.3%15%3040 g
Fats0.1 g56 g0.2%0.9%56000 g
Carbohydrates3.7 g219 g1.7%7.7%5919 g
Dietary fiber0.6 g20 g3%13.6%3333 g
Water92.12 g2273 g4.1%18.6%2467 g
Ash0.98 g~
Vitamin B1, thiamine0.095 mg1.5 mg6.3%28.6%1579 g
Vitamin B2, Riboflavin0.49 mg1.8 mg27.2%123.6%367 g
Vitamin B4, choline22.1 mg500 mg4.4%20%2262 g
Vitamin B5, Pantothenic1.5 mg5 mg30%136.4%333 g
Vitamin B6, pyridoxine0.11 mg2 mg5.5%25%1818
Vitamin B9, folates28 µg400 mcg7%31.8%1429 g
Vitamin B12, cobalamin0.1 µg3 mg3.3%15%3000 g
Vitamin D, calciferol31.9 µg10 µg319%1450%31 g
Vitamin D2, ergocalciferol31.9 µg~
Vitamin E, alpha tocopherol, TE0.01 mg15 mg0.1%0.5%150000 g
Vitamin PP, ne3.8 mg20 mg19%86.4%526 g
Betaine11.1 mg~
Potassium, K448 mg2500 mg17.9%81.4%558 g
Calcium, Ca18 mg1000 mg1.8%8.2%5556 g
Magnesium, Mg9 mg400 mg2.3%10.5%4444 g
Sodium, Na6 mg1300 mg0.5%2.3%21667 g
Sulfur, S25 mg1000 mg2.5%11.4%4000 g
Phosphorus, P120 mg800 mg15%68.2%667 g
Iron, Fe0.4 mg18 mg2.2%10%4500 g
Manganese, Mn0.142 mg2 mg7.1%32.3%1408 g
Copper, Cu500 mcg1000 mcg50%227.3%200 g
Selenium, Se26 µg55 mcg47.3%215%212 g
Zinc, Zn1.1 mg12 mg9.2%41.8%1091 g
Digestible carbohydrates
Mono and disaccharides (sugars)1.72 gmax 100 g
The Sterol (sterols)
Campesterol2 mg~
Saturated fatty acids
Nasadenie fatty acids0.014 gmax 18.7 g
12:0 Lauric0.001 g~
14:0 Myristic0.001 g~
16:0 Palmitic0.007 g~
18:0 Stearic0.002 g~
Monounsaturated fatty acids0.002 gmin 16.8 g
18:1 Oleic (omega-9)0.002 g~
Polyunsaturated fatty acids0.042 gfrom 11.2-20.6 g0.4%1.8%
18:2 Linoleic0.04 g~
Omega-6 fatty acids0.04 gfrom 4.7 to 16.8 g0.9%4.1%

The energy value is 22 kcal.

Mushrooms, grown under ultraviolet light, rich in vitamins and minerals like vitamin B2 – 27,2 %, vitamin B5 – 30 %, vitamin D – 319 %, vitamin PP – 19 %, potassium – 17,9 %, phosphorus – 15 %, copper – 50 %, selenium – 47,3 %
  • Vitamin B2 is involved in redox reactions, contributes to the susceptibility of the colors of the visual analyzer and the dark adaptation. Insufficient intake of vitamin B2 is accompanied by a violation of the health of the skin, mucous membranes, impaired light and twilight vision.
  • Vitamin B5 is involved in protein, fat, carbohydrate metabolism, cholesterol metabolism, the synthesis of several hormones, hemoglobin, and promotes the absorption of amino acids and sugars in the gut, supports the function of the adrenal cortex. Lack of Pantothenic acid can lead to skin lesions and mucous membranes.
  • Vitamin D maintains the homeostasis of calcium and phosphorus, and performs the processes of mineralization of bone tissue. Vitamin D deficiency leads to impaired metabolism of calcium and phosphorus in the bones, increasing bone demineralization, which leads to increased risk of osteoporosis.
  • Vitamin PP is involved in redox reactions and energy metabolism. Insufficient intake of vitamin accompanied by a disturbance of the normal condition of the skin, gastrointestinal tract and nervous system.
  • Potassium is the main intracellular ion that participates in the regulation of water, electrolyte and acid balance, is involved in conducting nerve impulses, regulation of blood pressure.
  • Phosphorus is involved in many physiological processes, including energy metabolism, regulates the acid-alkaline balance, is part of the phospholipids, nucleotides and nucleic acids needed for mineralization of bones and teeth. Deficiency leads to anorexia, anemia, rickets.
  • Copper is part of the enzymes with redox activity and is involved in iron metabolism, stimulates the absorption of proteins and carbohydrates. Involved in the processes of human body tissues with oxygen. The deficiency is manifested by impaired formation of the cardiovascular system and skeletal development of connective tissue dysplasia.
  • Selenium – an essential element of the antioxidant defense system of the human body, has immunomodulatory effects, is involved in the regulation of the action of thyroid hormones. Deficiency leads to the Kashin-Bek disease (osteoarthritis with multiple deformity of the joints, spine, and extremities), disease Kesan (endemic cardiomyopathy), hereditary thrombasthenia.

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