Empyema

General description of the disease

Empyema is a disease in which a large amount of pus is concentrated in the middle of a hollow organ (in the appendix, renal pelvis or gallbladder) or in the body cavity (an example is pleural empyema, articular empyema). The term “empyema” should not be confused with an abscess that affects the thickness of the tissue and is limited by the membrane. With empyema, there may be affected tissues under the mucous membrane, only with a severe and very long course of the purulent-inflammatory process.

 

Empyema of any kind occurs in three stages:

  1. 1 exudative – the production and accumulation of purulent masses begins;
  2. 2 fibrous-purulent – accumulated pus forms in the pockets;
  3. 3 organizing (final) – scarring of the cavity.

Like any disease, empyema can occur in chronic and acute forms. If left untreated, there can be complications. Initially, adhesions and connective tissue are formed in the cavity, which leads to its thickening, which can lead to complete bricking of the cavity.

Empyema of the appendix appendicitis of an acute purulent nature is called, during which pus collects in a greatly expanded cavity of the appendix, which makes its opening impassable. After that, the inflammatory process begins to move to the cover of the peritoneum. In this case, the process of the cecum is swollen in the shape of a flask. Symptoms are similar to appendicitis – pain and colic in the abdomen, followed by nausea and vomiting, a very dry tongue with a white coating, a slight increase in temperature around 37,5-38 degrees. In a laboratory study of blood, an increased number of leukocytes is observed.

 

Empyema of the pleural cavity – pus collects in the pleural cavity. Clinical picture: specific sound when tapping in the lungs, fever, pain in the lungs, shortness of breath, increased sweating. The reasons for the appearance of purulent pleurisy (pleural empyema):

  • damage to the lungs by coccal bacteria;
  • complications after surgery, after wounds and trauma to the chest, after suffering from tuberculosis or pneumonia;
  • oncological diseases in the sternum;
  • infection through the lymph and blood.

Empyema of the gallbladder – the accumulation of pus in the cavity of the gallbladder, accompanied by severe pain in the lower abdomen, in the area of ​​the liver, which can be given to the forearm, scapula. It is expressed in the form of an attack of acute cholecystitis. At the same time, the temperature is increased to 39 degrees, it can slightly decrease periodically. Pains and spasms do not stop, the size of the bladder increases.

Healthy foods for empyema

In empyema, the basis of therapeutic treatment is the organization of proper nutrition of the patient. Regardless of the severity of the course and form of empyema, the patient needs a sufficient intake of fluid, proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins and salt in the body based on weight. This is necessary to maintain normal metabolic and water-salt balance.

If it is not possible to take food on your own, it should be introduced through special tubes. In this case, solutions of glucose (10%) and Ringer’s, potassium chloride (2%), plasma, blood, panangin (mainly used for pleural empyema) are suitable for parenteral nutrition.

When empyema gallbladder useful will be yesterday’s bakery foods, crumbly cereals, vegetable and fruit soups, boiled or stewed lean meat and fish, dairy foods, decoctions (from rose hips, hawthorn), weakly brewed tea and coffee, white sauce, dill and parsley, you can add some sugar, honey and jam (if the patient tolerates their consumption normally).

 

Traditional medicine for empyema

Treatment with empyema, in which purulent masses accumulate in the cavities of the peritoneal organs (appendix, fallopian tube, gallbladder), require only surgical treatment. If there is a great risk to life during the operation, then with empyema of the pleura, gallbladder drainage is done, with empyema of the joint, a puncture is used and rinsing with an antiseptic solution is done.

Also, with purulent pleurisy, compresses with mustard can be made to eliminate cough. To break up accumulations of pus, massage is applied, which is carried out in four stages: stroking movements, rubbing, warm-up and vibration movements.

With empyema of the gallbladder, as an alternative treatment, you can take syrup from beets, decoctions of tansy, celandine (flowers), immortelle, St. John’s wort, corn stigmas and columns, wormwood, horsetail, eat half a glass a day of steamed dried apricots. At the end of the treatment, you can add a glass of cucumber juice (it dilutes bile well and has analgesic properties).

 

Dangerous and harmful foods for empyema

  • fresh pastries, cakes, pastries, pies, puff pastry and shortcrust pastry baked goods;
  • fatty meat, fish;
  • fried, fried, salted, smoked food;
  • all types of fats, especially cooking fats, trans fats (found in margarine and creamy spreads);
  • shop sweets;
  • mushrooms;
  • heavy vegetables and greens with high acidity: legumes, radish, horseradish, sorrel, spinach;
  • alcohol, soda;
  • okroshka.

All of these foods have a beneficial effect on the growth of bacteria, contribute to slagging of the body and contamination of the blood, which impairs its outflow and increases the risk of bacteria entering through the blood.

Attention!

The administration is not responsible for any attempt to use the information provided, and does not guarantee that it will not harm you personally. The materials cannot be used to prescribe treatment and make a diagnosis. Always consult your specialist doctor!

 

Nutrition for other diseases:

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