Cutting roses in a bottle is a great way to get planting material for a crop without spending a lot of time and effort. Both cut roses from a bouquet and fresh shoots obtained after pruning the plant can be turned into seedlings with a strong root system. At the same time, the gardener will need a minimum of things: a large bottle, a knife, sand and fresh rose branches. The guarantee of a positive result from this breeding method, subject to agrotechnical rules, is more than 80%.
Timing of cuttings
You can plant roses under a bottle at different times, although most often this moment falls in the summer or autumn. The following terms of grafting are generally accepted:
- March-April – they plant shoots of roses from bouquets;
- June-July – varieties cultivated in open ground are cut;
- October-November – plant shoots of flowers obtained after pruning adult bushes.
Most often, work on the propagation of roses by cuttings is carried out in the summer before the onset of the budding period or at the time of perennial flowering. It is at this stage of development that the bush is full of energy and the grower has the opportunity to choose the best specimens to create a new plant.
The procedure should be performed in cloudy cool weather. It is best if the air temperature outside is about +23 ° С.
What roses are cuttings
Although cuttings into a bottle are considered an effective way to obtain quality material for planting a rose, not every plant can be propagated this way. Most likely to take root exists in such types of culture as miniature and polyanthus (any variety will do). Also, many semi-climbing roses and climbing ones, which are in the Rambler group, lend themselves well to cuttings.
You can try rooting ground cover varieties in the bottle, as well as floribunda varieties, such as Iceberg (Iceberg) or Roselin (Roselina). As for the cuttings of hybrid tea varieties, such work almost never brings results. In this connection, this variety is recommended to be propagated by grafting. While hybrid tea cuttings can produce good root growth, they will develop slowly and most likely die eventually.
The advantage of autumn cuttings
Cutting roses in a bottle has several advantages when compared with grafting. Firstly, plants grown in this way do not form a large shoot of roots, and this greatly simplifies their care. Secondly, it is very easy to obtain planting material for cuttings, and the cuttings can be taken not only from the garden, but also from any flower from a presented bouquet. Thirdly, roses propagated by this method tolerate cold much better, and even if their aerial part freezes over during the winter, the plant will still recover from dormant buds in spring.
How to plant a rose under a plastic bottle
Growing roses in plastic bottles is practiced by many gardeners. This method is not particularly complicated, affordable, does not require a lot of physical and financial costs. Even a novice amateur grower can do it. The main thing is to familiarize yourself with all its rules before carrying out the procedure, as well as how to prepare the soil and containers for cuttings and carry out high-quality harvesting of the material. After planting, the seedlings need to carry out basic care (watering, airing), and then transplant them into open ground in time.
Preparation of cuttings
Before you start cutting roses into bottles, you need to choose the right material. It is better if these are young shoots with the beginnings of buds, those parts of them that are located at the base.
Harvesting is recommended in the morning, while the rose bush is saturated with moisture, and rooting the cuttings immediately after cutting so that they do not have time to dry.
Do it like this:
- Cut the cuttings with a sharp disinfected knife at an angle. The length of each should be about 15 cm. The presence of three leaf nodes on the stem is also important.
- Clean the material from spikes and sheet plates.
- Soak the cuttings in a solution of Kornevin, honey or aloe juice.
The bottles chosen as the cutting capacity also need to be prepared:
- Remove labels and rinse well with clean water.
- Make holes in the bottom to drain excess water.
- Cut the bottle across, but not completely so that you can bend the top, and then return it to its original position.
As a substrate in which cuttings will be germinated, flower growers most often use sand, but sometimes they prepare a mixture of it, as well as leaf and sod land in a ratio of 2: 1: 2. Next, the soil is poured into the bottle with a layer of about 8 cm, coarse-grained sand or peat 3-4 cm is laid on top and the substrate is disinfected with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Rules for planting roses under a bottle
When the soil, containers and the cuttings themselves are prepared, the moment comes for their direct planting. To do this, it is recommended to lower the lower part of the material into charcoal and plant it into the substrate at an angle (angle of 45 degrees) so that its end is completely immersed in the ground.
Next, the seedlings should be watered and the container closed. If there are holes on the seam of the cut of the bottle, then it can be sealed with adhesive tape. After that, it is advisable to place mini-greenhouses under a tree or a thick bush, so that direct sunlight does not fall on them.
Rooting cuttings of roses in a bottle usually occurs quickly, in 10-15 days. This can be seen through the transparent walls of the container.
How to care for rose cuttings under a bottle
In order for the cuttings to be successful, one must not forget to properly care for the seedlings. Roses under the bottle should be opened for airing, moistened regularly, monitor the temperature.
Watering is recommended to be carried out as needed and drying of the soil. Use for this you need settled water at room temperature. Perform the procedure carefully, under the root, avoiding the erosion of the substrate.
Rose cuttings should be aired every day. To do this, you need to remove the cap from the bottle for 15-20 minutes, thereby making it possible for air to get inside the “greenhouse”.
As soon as the seedlings take root, after about half a month, the bottles are completely opened, and after another couple of weeks they are buried in the ground at the ground level at the cutting, they must be covered with a film or other covering material for the winter. Also, containers can be removed to a garden greenhouse or greenhouse, which will give a great guarantee of preserving the material and building up a reliable root system. If the climatic conditions in the growing region are harsh, then it is better to remove the bottles with cuttings for the winter in the cellar or basement, but at the same time make sure that the soil in them does not dry out.
With the advent of spring and stable heat, the shelter from the roses begins to gradually be removed. This will help the cuttings harden and prevent them from overheating. At the end of May, at the beginning of June, roses open completely. At the same time, the moment comes for their transplantation to a permanent place.
Cutting roses in a bottle is practically no different from the traditional method carried out on the site. But he has one big advantage – the method gives a high percentage of rooting of the material. It is not particularly difficult to do the job, and if you do everything according to the instructions, then as a result you can get a good seedling of one of the most beautiful and common flowers in the world.