Nutritional value and chemical composition.
|Nutrient||Quantity||Norm**||% of the norm in 100 g||% of the norm in 100 kcal||100% normal|
|Calorie value||138 kCal||1684 kCal||8.2%||5.9%||1220 g|
|Proteins||18.2 g||76 g||23.9%||17.3%||418 g|
|Fats||0.5 g||56 g||0.9%||0.7%||11200 g|
|Carbohydrates||14 g||219 g||6.4%||4.6%||1564 g|
|organic acids||1.4 g||~|
|Water||64.7 g||2273 g||2.8%||2%||3513 g|
|Vitamin A, RE||10 μg||900 μg||1.1%||0.8%||9000 g|
|Vitamin B1, thiamine||0.03 mg||1.5 mg||2%||1.4%||5000 g|
|Vitamin B2, riboflavin||0.2 mg||1.8 mg||11.1%||8%||900 g|
|Vitamin B4, choline||43 mg||500 mg||8.6%||6.2%||1163 g|
|Vitamin B5, pantothenic||0.21 mg||5 mg||4.2%||3%||2381 g|
|Vitamin B6, pyridoxine||0.19 mg||2 mg||9.5%||6.9%||1053 g|
|Vitamin B9, folate||40 μg||400 μg||10%||7.2%||1000 g|
|Vitamin B12, cobalamin||1.32 μg||3 μg||44%||31.9%||227 g|
|Vitamin C, ascorbic||0.4 mg||90 mg||0.4%||0.3%||22500 g|
|Vitamin H, biotin||7.6 μg||50 μg||15.2%||11%||658 g|
|Vitamin PP, NE||3.4 mg||20 mg||17%||12.3%||588 g|
|Potassium, K||98 mg||2500 mg||3.9%||2.8%||2551 g|
|Calcium, Ca||101 mg||1000 mg||10.1%||7.3%||990 g|
|Magnesium, Mg||24 mg||400 mg||6%||4.3%||1667 g|
|Sodium, Na||37 mg||1300 mg||2.8%||2%||3514 g|
|Sulfur, S||182 mg||1000 mg||18.2%||13.2%||549 g|
|Phosphorus, P||151 mg||800 mg||18.9%||13.7%||530 g|
|Chlorine, Cl||115 mg||2300 mg||5%||3.6%||2000 g|
|Aluminum, Al||50 μg||~|
|Iron, Fe||0.3 mg||18 mg||1.7%||1.2%||6000 g|
|Iodine, I||9 μg||150 μg||6%||4.3%||1667 g|
|Cobalt, Co||2 μg||10 μg||20%||14.5%||500 g|
|Manganese, Mn||0.008 mg||2 mg||0.4%||0.3%||25000 g|
|Copper, Cu||60 μg||1000 μg||6%||4.3%||1667 g|
|Molybdenum, Mo.||7.7 μg||70 μg||11%||8%||909 g|
|Olovo, Sn||13 μg||~|
|Selenium, Se||30 μg||55 μg||54.5%||39.5%||183 g|
|Strontium, Sr.||17 μg||~|
|Fluorine, F||32 μg||4000 μg||0.8%||0.6%||12500 g|
|Chrome, Cr||2 μg||50 μg||4%||2.9%||2500 g|
|Zinc, Zn||0.364 mg||12 mg||3%||2.2%||3297 g|
|Mono- and disaccharides (sugars)||14 g||max 100 г|
|Cholesterol||1 mg||max 300 mg|
|Saturated fatty acids|
|Saturated fatty acids||0.3 g||max 18.7 г|
The energy value is 138 kcal.
- Tablespoon (“on top” except liquid foods) = 20 g (27.6 kcal)
- Teaspoon (“top” except liquid foods) = 7 g (9.7 kcal)
- Vitamin B2 participates in redox reactions, enhances the color sensitivity of the visual analyzer and dark adaptation. Insufficient intake of vitamin B2 is accompanied by a violation of the condition of the skin, mucous membranes, impaired light and twilight vision.
- Vitamin B12 plays an important role in the metabolism and conversion of amino acids. Folate and vitamin B12 are interrelated vitamins and are involved in blood formation. Lack of vitamin B12 leads to the development of partial or secondary folate deficiency, as well as anemia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia.
- Vitamin H participates in the synthesis of fats, glycogen, the metabolism of amino acids. Insufficient intake of this vitamin can lead to disruption of the normal state of the skin.
- Vitamin PP participates in redox reactions of energy metabolism. Insufficient vitamin intake is accompanied by disruption of the normal state of the skin, gastrointestinal tract and nervous system.
- Phosphorus takes part in many physiological processes, including energy metabolism, regulates acid-base balance, is a part of phospholipids, nucleotides and nucleic acids, is necessary for the mineralization of bones and teeth. Deficiency leads to anorexia, anemia, rickets.
- Cobalt is part of vitamin B12. Activates enzymes of fatty acid metabolism and folic acid metabolism.
- Molybdenum is a cofactor of many enzymes that provide the metabolism of sulfur-containing amino acids, purines and pyrimidines.
- Selenium – an essential element of the antioxidant defense system of the human body, has an immunomodulatory effect, participates in the regulation of the action of thyroid hormones. Deficiency leads to Kashin-Beck disease (osteoarthritis with multiple deformities of the joints, spine and extremities), Keshan disease (endemic myocardiopathy), hereditary thrombastenia.
Energy value, or calorie content Is the amount of energy released in the human body from food during digestion. The energy value of a product is measured in kilo-calories (kcal) or kilo-joules (kJ) per 100 grams. product. The kilocalorie used to measure the energy value of food is also called the “food calorie,” so the kilo prefix is often omitted when specifying calories in (kilo) calories. You can see detailed energy tables for Russian products.
The nutritional value – the content of carbohydrates, fats and proteins in the product.
Nutritional value of a food product – a set of properties of a food product, in the presence of which the physiological needs of a person for the necessary substances and energy are satisfied.
Vitamins, organic substances required in small quantities in the diet of both humans and most vertebrates. Vitamins are usually synthesized by plants rather than animals. The daily human need for vitamins is only a few milligrams or micrograms. Unlike inorganic substances, vitamins are destroyed by strong heating. Many vitamins are unstable and “lost” during cooking or food processing.