Where and how to catch dace: habitats, gear, bait and spawning time
Yelets is a common species of fish of the carp family. Outwardly, it is very similar to a chub, but it has a more laterally compressed body, a narrow head, a small mouth and a slightly carved yellowish or gray fin. Yelets is a small fish weighing 50-80 g and about 15 cm long on average. Large specimens reach a size of one and a half to two times larger. Lives no more than 8-10 years. Differs in silvery, tightly fitting scales.
Dace fishing methods
It is good to catch dace in flowing reservoirs with clean clear water. Float and bottom gear, spinning and fly fishing are used.
Catching dace with a float rod
For fishing in this way, a rod 3-5 m long, a monofilament (0,12-0,13 mm) and hooks No. 3-4 are required. The float is light with loaded shot weights. Bloodworms, caddisflies, maggots are used as bait; in the summer – also a fly and a gadfly. Fishing takes place in the wiring. The bait is launched at a minimum distance from the bottom. When a dace stop is detected, the tackle is adjusted in such a way that the float raises the bait by 5-10 cm.
Catching dace on spinning
The dace in its habits resembles a chub. Despite the fact that the dace is not a pronounced predator, it is well caught on an ultralight class spinning rod. The optimal solution is a rod 2-2,4 m, medium or parabolic action with a test for fishing with ultra-light lures. The reel is also light, corresponding to the class of spinning. Monofilament with a cross section of 0,1-0,12 mm. When catching dace, micro wobblers, the smallest oscillations and spinners No. 00-0 are used. The bait is carried evenly against the current or floated in the water to the places where tree branches overhang the water.
Fly fishing for dace
The most popular way to catch dace. A class 3-5 rod with a floating line is used. With frequent emergence of dace on the surface, it is effectively caught on dry flies. Pecking most often. happens during splashdown of the bait. It is better to catch dace on the rifts, to make casts against the current. In addition, dace is caught in the water column. For this, flies are used that imitate caddisflies, nymphs, and amphipods.
Bait and bait
To catch dace, baits of animal origin and vegetable baits are used. Also, dace responds remarkably to artificial lures, both for spinning and for fly fishing. Yelets responds excellently to bait. It is unpretentious and does not require special frills. Soaked white bread will be just right. In addition, you can grind crackers, roasted seeds and mix the resulting powder with clay already on the spot. Sometimes powdered milk or boiled millet is added to the bait. For flavor, you can add cocoa or vanillin. If you are going to catch dace on insects, then this insect should be available in the bait. When planning bait, we must remember that, unlike the voracious carp, the dace only needs to be fed, and not fed to satiety.
Places of fishing and habitat
Widely distributed in Europe and Asia. In Russia, there are in the rivers of the Baltic, Black (except for the Kuban and Crimea), the Caspian Seas, the Arctic Ocean, as well as in isolated basins of Siberian lakes. Yelets can be caught all year round. In open water, this mobile fish is found on the riffles or at the riffles in the reaches, not far from the surface. It occurs in areas of reservoirs with a fast current and at very solid depths – from 2 m. In dammed reservoirs, dace can be caught in a whirlpool if there is enough food for it. Often dace can be found at dams, bridges, wooden piles, old destroyed bridges, provided that the bottom in these places is clean. With the onset of the insect departure season, the dace often comes to the surface and creates a lot of noise, collecting fallen prey in the water. Attention should also be paid to such promising places as branches of trees and shrubs hanging over the water, from which insects often fall into the water. In winter, dace fishing is promising only on the first ice. Good for thaw season. Spawning Spawning time comes in the second half of April. The allotment occurs in one portion in the riverbed in clean areas and with bottom stones, snags, etc. Fertility – from 2 to 17 thousand eggs. Caviar with a diameter of 2 mm. develops in about 10 days. Juveniles feed on lower crustaceans, chironomids. Maturation occurs after 2-3 years – the length of the fish at this time is 11-14 cm.