All about fishing for bream: lures, tackle, habitats and spawning times
Quite a large fish with recognizable shapes. Weight can reach 6-9 kg. Acclimatized in many regions, therefore it is quite well known and popular with fishermen throughout Russia. A typical benthophage, during the autumn feeding, it can feed on juvenile fish. It is not uncommon to be caught on spinning baits while catching predators. There are several subspecies, but the main feature can be distinguished by what can form “semi-anadromous forms”. The bream enters the brackish coastal waters of the seas for feeding, and rises to the rivers for spawning. At the same time, “residential” forms of this fish remain in the river.
Bream fishing methods
Fishing for bream is very popular. Dozens of specialized rigs and lures have been invented. This fish is caught in all seasons, except for the spawning period. It is believed that the fish is very cautious and not stupid. For fishing, it is recommended to use very delicate equipment. Large bream are especially careful. For fishing, all types of bottom and float gear are used. In winter, the bream also feeds and is caught on various gear and baits, including those without baits. The bream is characterized by nocturnal and twilight activity. Patience and endurance are considered important factors for successful fishing.
Fishing with bottom gear is considered the most effective. Feeder fishing, as in the case of carp, will be the most interesting and convenient. It is quite possible to catch bream with most baits used to catch carp, including medium-sized boilies. The only difference is that the snaps should be as delicate as possible. Despite the fact that large bream actively resists when caught, it is better not to use thick and coarse rigs, but to compensate with a tuned reel friction and rod flexibility. Feeder rods are often replaced with conventional spinning rods. There are also dozens of traditional rods and rigs in the form of donks and hooks, including those for fishing from boats. Of the original methods of fishing on the donk can be called “fishing on the ring.”
Fishing for bream with floats
Fishing with float rods is most often carried out on reservoirs with stagnant or slowly flowing water. Sport fishing can be carried out both with rods with a blind snap, and with plugs. At the same time, in terms of the number and complexity of accessories, this fishing is not inferior to specialized carp fishing. As for other ways of catching this fish, float, “bream” equipment is distinguished by delicacy. Fishing with a float is also successfully carried out on “running snaps”. For example, the “into wiring” method, when the equipment is released with the flow. This is the best way to fish from a boat. Fishing with match rods is very successful when the bream stays far from the shore.
Fishing for bream with winter gear
The bite of bream in winter is slightly reduced, but this does not make it less exciting. The fish is kept in the pits, the main bait is the bloodworm. The best bite occurs during the first ice period and in spring. They catch bream both on winter float gear and on jig with a nod. Bloodworms and maggots are used for baits, but they are also caught with baits without baits.
The most versatile bait for bream is the bloodworm, but in the summer, bream is better caught on vegetable baits, and even on cereals. Most anglers for “white fish” know the recipe for “talker” porridge, which they owe to the bream. At the moment, there is a huge amount of bait mixtures and nozzles for bream. When preparing for bream fishing, you should always keep in mind that the correct attachment of fish is the basis for successful fishing.
Places of fishing and habitat
The main natural habitat is Europe, from the Pyrenees to the Aral Sea basin. The bream is acclimatized in the Urals, the Irtysh basin and most of Siberia, along with zander and carp. In the Amur basin, there is a separate subspecies – the Amur black bream. In reservoirs, it is better to look for bream in bottom depressions, pits and other places with a gentle current. The bream rarely travels far from their places of permanent residence, except for periods of migration. It can go to small places for a short time in search of food. Most often this happens at night.
Sexual maturity reaches 3-6 years. Bream spawning takes place in spring at a temperature not lower than 12-140With. Therefore, the timing may vary depending on the region from April (southern regions) to the end of June (for northern regions). Spawns eggs on plants. Fertility is high up to 300 thousand eggs.