Curcumins (Curcumin, turmeric, curcumin, turmeric, turmeric extract, E100).
Curcumins are usually called natural dyes, the source of which is turmeric (curcuma longa or yellow ginger), which can color fibers of both animal and vegetable origin in orange or bright yellow (calorizator). The substance is registered as a food additive with the index E100, has several varieties:
- (i) Curcumin, an intense yellow dye found in thistle root;
- (ii) Turmeric is an orange dye derived from turmeric root.
General Characteristics of E100 Curcumins
Curcumins are natural polyphenols that are not soluble in water, but are quite well soluble in ether and alcohols. Curcumins color the foods in a persistent orange or bright yellow color, without disturbing the structure of the substance. E100 Curcumins are a dark orange powder with a slightly camphor smell and a bittersweet taste.
Benefits and harms of E100 Curcumins
Natural curcumins are natural immunomodulators and have the properties of natural antibiotics, anti-inflammatory and even anti-cancer properties of curcumins are known. Substances actively affect blood formation, dilute blood, restore the functional state of heart muscle cells, lower blood pressure. Even people with high blood sugar levels, turmeric is indicated.
Turmeric has a wound-healing effect, treats dermatitis and eliminates unpleasant burning sensations. In its properties, it is similar to ginger. Turmeric is not just a spice. The healing properties of turmeric are very useful in tropical countries, where there are many intestinal infections.
But, on the other hand, there is a possibility that an overdose of curcumins can cause a spontaneous miscarriage during pregnancy. If you are taking any medications, you should also consult your doctor whether you can add turmeric to your food, especially for hypotensive and diabetic people, since turmeric thins the blood, reduces blood pressure and blood sugar levels. Therefore, you should not get carried away with foods with a high content of E100, especially if you are going to have an operation. The daily intake rate is: 1 mg per kg of weight for curcumins, 0.3 mg per kg of weight for turmeric.
Application of E100 Curcumins
The food industry widely uses E100 as a food coloring agent in the production of sauces, mustard, butter, confectionery, alcoholic beverages, condiments, cheeses. Natural curcumins are the main component of the curry spice, which is loved and used not only in Asia, but also in the rest of the world.
Often curcumins are used as a medicinal warming agent for the prevention and treatment of various diseases. It is also used in cosmetology and medicine. In case of skin diseases, it is necessary to prepare a mixture of turmeric powder with boiled water and stir until a thick homogeneous mass is formed. You can use milk or kefir instead of water. This mixture is applied to the face pointwise, it will help with eczema, itching, furunculosis, eliminate black spots and uncork the sweat glands. Keep the mask on your face for 10-20 minutes and rinse with warm water, then lubricate the skin with a moisturizer. If irritation occurs, wash it off with warm water.
If you have oily skin, black spots or enlarged pores, then the mask should be carried out 1-2 times a week. The skin will dry out, the greasy shine will be eliminated, and the pores will narrow. The face will become tighter and lighter.
Turmeric in weight loss
Turmeric is useful for weight loss because it prevents the formation of adipose tissues, its addition to food leads to an acceleration of metabolism, normalization of the gastrointestinal tract, improvement of blood circulation, which in turn helps to lose weight. In addition, turmeric regulates the processes of metabolism and promotes the absorption of protein.
Use of E100 Curcumins
On the territory of our country, it is allowed to use the E100 additive as a natural food dye, provided that the daily consumption norms are strictly observed.